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Compiler and date details

9 Mar 2016 - Dianne J. Bray, Douglass F. Hoese & Matthew M. Lockett

15 March 2015 - Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese

20 December 2006 - Douglass F. Hoese


The suborder Alepocephaloidei contains three families of deepsea fishes found in all oceans. Authors of traditional morphological studies have variously recognised this group as an order (Marshall 1962), a suborder (Greenwood et al. 1966, Wiley & Johnson 2010) or a superfamily (Greenwood & Rosen 1971; Johnson & Patterson 1996; Ishiguro et al. 2003; Nelson 2006). Authors of recent molecular studies (Lavoué et al. 2005; Lavoué et al. 2008; Poulsen et al. 2009; Betancur-R 2013, 2014) recognise the group as an order, and the sister group to the Ostariophyisi (or Clupeomorpha). Until relationships are further resolved, the classification here follows that of Wiley & Johnson (2010) in retaining the group as a suborder of the Argetiniformes. Poulsen et al. (2009) regarded the group as monophyletic, but suggested that the Bathylaconidae was not monophyletic and placed the genera in the Alepocephalidae.


General References

Betancur-R, R., Broughton, R.E., Wiley, E.O., Carpenter, K., López, J.A., Li, C., Holcroft, N.I., Arcila, D., Sanciangco, M., Cureton, II J.C., Zhang, F., Buser, T &, Campbell, M.A., Ballesteros, J.A., Roa-Varon, A., Willis, S., Borden, W.C., Rowley, T., Reneau, P.C., Hough, D.J., Lu, G., Grande, T., Arratia, G. & Ortí, G. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLOS Currents Tree of Life Edition 1: doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288

Betancur-R, R., Wiley, E., Bailly, N, Miya, M., Lecointre, G. & Ortí, G. 2014. Phylogenetic Classification of Bony Fishes —Version 3.

Greenwood, P.H., Rosen, D.E., Weitzman, S.H. & Myers, G.S. 1966. Phyletic studies of teleostean fishes with a provisional classification of living forms. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 131(4): 339-456 figs 1-9 pls 21-23

Greenwood, P.H. & Rosen, D.E. 1971. Notes on the structure and relationships of the alepocephaloid fishes. American Museum Novitates 2473: 1-41

Ishiguro, N.B., Miya, M., Nishida, M. 2003. Basal euteleostean relationships: a mitogenomic perspective on the phylogenetic reality of the ''Protacanthopterygii”. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 476–488

Johnson, G.D. & Patterson, C. 1996. Relationships of lower euteleostean fishes. pp. 251-332 in Stiassny, M.L.J., Parenti, L.R. & Johnson, G.D. (eds). Interrelationships of Fishes. San Diego : Academic Press 496 pp.

Lavoué, S., Miya, M., Inoue, J.G., Saitoh, K., Ishiguro, N.B. & Nishida, M. 2005. Molecular systematics of the gonorynchiform fishes (Teleostei) based on whole mitogenome sequences: implications for higher-level relationships within the Otocephala. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 165–177

Lavoué, S., Miya, M., Poulsen, J.Y. Møller, P.R. & Nishida, M. 2008. Monophyly, phylogenetic position and inter-familial relationships of the Alepocephaliformes (Teleostei) based on whole mitogenome sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 1111–1121

Marshall, N.B. 1962. Observations on the Heteromi, an order of teleost fishes. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 9: 249-270

Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 601 pp.

Poulsen, J.Y., Møller, P.D.R., Lavoué, S., Knudsen, S.W., Nishida, M. & Miya, M. 2009. Higher and lower-level relationships of the deep-sea fish order Alepocephaliformes (Teleostei: Otocephala) inferred from whole mitogenome sequences. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 98: 923–936

Wiley, E.O. & Johnson, G.D. 2010. A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. pp. 123-182 in Nelson, J.S., Schultze, H.-P. & Wilson, M.V.H. Origin and Phylogenetic Interrelationships of Teleosts. München, Germany : Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil 480 pp. [141]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Jun-2016 ARGENTINIFORMES 27-Apr-2015 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
06-Jun-2016 13-Jun-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)