Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37266003

Species Pseudocyttus maculatus Gilchrist, 1906

Smooth Oreodory, Smooth Dory, Smooth Oreo, Smooth Oreo Dory, Spotted Dory, Spotted Oreo, St. Pierre

Compiler and date details

29 July 2011 - Dianne J. Bray

2006 - John R. Paxton, Dianne J. Bray, Jennifer E. Gates & Douglass F. Hoese




New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Off Port Macquarie, NSW (31°S, 153°E) to south-west of Cape Leeuwin, WA (34°S, 115°E); temperate, southern circumglobal.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Tasmania Province (10), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Tasman Basin Province (13), Lord Howe Province (14), Southern Province (8), West Tasmania Transition (9)

Ecological Descriptors

Benthic, continental slope, marine.

Extra Ecological Information

500 - 1320 m.


General References

Bray, D.J. 1994. Families Zeidae, Oreosomatidae. pp. 416-427 figs 373-381 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [426]

Bray, D.J. 2008. Famly Oreosomatidae. pp. 441-446 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [446]

Clark, M.R., King, M.J. & McMillan, P.J. 1989. The food and feeding relationships of black oreo, Allocyttus niger, smooth oreo, Pseudocyttus maculatus, and eight other fish species from the continental slope of the south-west Chatham Rise, New Zealand. Journal of Fish Biology 35: 465-484

Collins, S.P. & Baron, M.P. 1981. Demersal and pelagic trawling survey of the M.T. Denebola in southern Australian waters, 1979–80 summer. Tasmanian Fisheries Research 24: 2-48 figs 1-22

Conroy, A.M. & Pankhurst, N.W. 1989. Size-fecundity relationships in the smooth oreo, Pseudocyttus maculatus, and the black oreo, Allocyttus niger (Pisces: Oreosomatidae) (Note). N.Z. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 23: 525-527

Davies, N.M., Gauldie, R.W., Crane, S.A. & Thompson, R.K. 1988. Otolith ultrastructure of Smooth Oreo, Pseudocyttus maculatus, and Black Oreo, Allocyttus sp., species. Fishery Bulletin 86(3): 499-515

Gon, O. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds) 1990. Fishes of the Southern Ocean. Grahamstown : J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 462 pp. [226]

Heemstra, P.C. 2003. Families Parazenidae, Zeniontidae, Zeidae, Oreosomatidae, Grammicolepidae. pp. 1203-1216 in Carpenter, K.E. (ed.). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Rome : FAO & American Society of Ichthyologists & Herpetologists Vol. 2 602-1373 pp. [1213]

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 [26]

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp. [238]

May, J.L. & Maxwell, J.G.H. 1986. Field Guide to Trawl Fish from Temperate Waters of Australia. Hobart : CSIRO Division of Marine Research 492 pp. [238]

Neil, H., P. McMillan, D. Tracey, R. Sparks, P. Marriott, C. Francis & L. Paul. 2008. Maximum ages for black oreo (Pseudocyttus maculatus) and black cardinalfish (Epigonus telescopus) determined by the bomb chronometer method of radiocarbon ageing, and comments on the inferred life history of theses species. Final Research Report for Ministry of Fisheries research Project DEE2005/01. National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, New Zealand. 63 pp.

Paul, L., Tracey, D., Neil, H., Horn, P., Andrews, A. & Sparks, R. 2005. How old are these deep-sea species? Applying improved techniques to validate longevity. pp. 94-96 in Shotton, R. (ed.). Deep Sea 2003: Conference on the Governance and Management of Deep-sea Fisheries. Part 2: Conference poster papers and workshop papers. Queenstown, New Zealand, 1-5 December 2003 and Dunedin, New Zealand, 27-29 November 2003. FAO Fisheries Proceedings. Rome : FAO Vol. No. 3/2. 487 pp.

Paxton, J.R., Bray, D.J., Gates, J.E. & Hoese, D.F 2006. Oreosomatidae. pp. 789-792 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [791]

Tyler, J.C., O'Toole, B. & Winterbottom, R.W. 2003. Phylogeny of the genera and families of zeiform fishes, with comments on their relationships with tetraodontiforms and caproids. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 618: 1-110 [15]

Ward, R.D., Elliott, N.G., Grewe, P.M., Last, P.R., Lowry, P.S., Innes, B.H. & Yearsley, G.K. 1998. Allozyme and mitochondrial DNA variation in three species of oreos (Teleostei: Oreosomatidae) from Australasian waters. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 32(2): 233-245 [233]

Ward, R.D., Elliott, N.G., Yearsley, G.K. & Last, P.R. 1996. Species and stock delineation in Australasian oreas (Oreosomatidae). Final report to Fisheries Research and Development Corporation. Australia. 144 pp. + pls & appendix [15]

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [196]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-May-2013 06-May-2013 MODIFIED
20-May-2011 20-May-2011 MODIFIED
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED