Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links


Compiler and date details

1 August 2011 - Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese

2006 - Douglass F. Hoese


The classification of the order Zeiformes here follows the comprehensive phylogenetic analysis by Tyler et al. (2003), who made considerable changes to previous classifications in recognising six families. Although Tyler et al. (2003) excluded the Caproidae from the Zeiformes, Hoese (2006) included the family until relationships of the group were further resolved. Here the boarfish family Caproidae has been tentatively placed in the perciform suborder Caproidei. Tyler & Santini (2005) proposed a phylogenetic hypothesis based on fossil and extant zeiform-like fishes. Rosen (1984) proposed that zeioids and tetraodontiforms were related, with caproids as their sister group, whereas Johnson & Patterson (1993) suggested that zeiforms (excluding caproids) are the sister group of beryciforms (excluding stephanoberyciforms) plus percomorphs. Wiley et al. (2000) suggested a close relationship between zeids and gadiforms, a hypothesis supported by Miya et al. (2003) and Dettai & Lecointre (2005).


General References

Dettai, A., & Lecointre, G. 2005. Further support for the clades obtained by multiple molecular phylogenies in the acanthomorph bush. C.R. Biologies 328: 674-689

Hoese, D.F. 2006. Order Zeiformes. pp. 786 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp.

Johnson, G.D. & Patterson, C. 1993. Percomorph phylogeny: a survey of acanthomorphs and a new proposal. Bulletin of Marine Science 52(1): 554-626

Miya, M., Takeshima, H., Endo, H., Ishiguro, N.B., Inoue, J.G., Mukai, T., Satoh, T.P., Yamaguchi, M., Kawaguchi, A., Mabuchi, K., Shirai, S.M. & Nishida, M. 2003. Major patterns of higher teleostean phylogenies: a new perspective based on 100 complete mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26: 121-138

Rosen, D.E. 1984. Zeiforms as primitive plectognath fishes. American Museum Novitates 2782: 1-45 figs 1-38

Tyler, J.C., O'Toole, B. & Winterbottom, R.W. 2003. Phylogeny of the genera and families of zeiform fishes, with comments on their relationships with tetraodontiforms and caproids. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 618: 1-110

Tyler, J.C & Santini, F. 2005. A phylogeny of the fossil and extant zeiform-like fishes, Upper Cretaceous to Recent, with comments on the putative zeomorph clade (Acanthomorpha). Zoologica Scripta 34(2): 157-175

Wiley E.O., Johnson, G.D. & Dimmick, W.W. 2000. The interrelationships of Acanthomorph fishes: a total evidence approach using molecular and morphological data. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 28: 319–350


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-May-2013 06-May-2013 MODIFIED
20-May-2011 20-May-2011 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)