Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

CAAB: 37395004

Species Limnichthys nitidus Smith, 1958

Elegant Sandburrower, Donaldson's Sandburrower, Radiant Sandburrower, Sand Submarine



Fricke & Golani (2012) restrict Limnichthys nitidus to the western Indian Ocean, and use Limnichthys donaldsoni for the Pacific species. Other works have not separated the two forms (Nelson 1979, Yoshino et al. 1999. The species is difficult to separate from the sympatric L. fasciatus and some records of that species may belong to L fasciatus.




New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Rowley Shoals, WA, Ashmoire Reef and Cartier Island, Timor Sea, Ashmore Reef, Coral Sea to Brisbane QLD, Middleton Reef and Elizabeth Reef, NSW; Indo-west-central Pacific.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Lord Howe Province (14), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Northwest Transition (3), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Other Regions

Territory of Ashmore & Cartier Islands

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Benthic, coral reef, inshore, sand bottom marine.

Extra Ecological Information

Depth range: 4-20 m.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91 (as L. donaldsoni)

Allen, G.R. & Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1994. Fishes of Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 412: 1-21 [15]

Fricke, R. & Golani, D. 2012. Limnichthys marisrubri, a new species of sand diver (Teleostei: Creediidae) from the Red Sea. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie A (Biologie) New Series 5: 287–292

Hoese, D.F. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Creediidae. pp. 1497-1499 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1499]

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 [40] (as Limnichthys donaldsoni)

Nelson, J.S. 1978. Limnichthys polyactis, a new species of blennioid fish from New Zealand with notes on the taxonomy and distribution of other Creediidae (including Limnichthyidae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 5(2): 351-364 figs 1-5

Nelson, J.S. 1986. Family No. 232: Creediidae. pp. 736-737 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. [737]

Nelson, J.S. 2001. Trichonotidae, Creediidae, Percophidae. pp. 3511-3516 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3514]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [359] (as Limnichthys donaldsoni)

Yoshino, T., Kon, T. & Okabe, S. 1999. Review of the genus Limnichthys (Perciformes: Creediidae) from Japan, with description of a new species. Ichthyological Research 46(1): 73-83


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
08-Oct-2015 TRACHINOIDEI 18-Sep-2015 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
22-Sep-2011 22-Sep-2011 MODIFIED
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED