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Compiler and date details

2 October 2015 - Douglass F. Hoese and Dianne J. Bray


This suborder is presented here with a modified classification of 10 families. The traditional classification followed largely the works of Nelson (1994, 2006). Pietsch & Zabetian (1990) presented a phylogeny suggesting a monophyletic group. Mooi & Johnson (1997) presented evidence that the Champsodontidae should be included with the scorpaeniform fishes and, in addition, they suggested that many of the families in the suborder are not closely related. Springer & Johnson (2004) removed the Pholidichthyidae to its own order.

Recent work has also suggested that the group is not monophyletic. Even the familiy Percophidae as previously recognised has been regarded as polyphyletic (Smith & Johnson 2007; Odani & Imamura 2011; Near et al. 2015; Thacker et al. 2015). The relationships have also been discussed by Wiley & Johnson (2010). Imamura & Odani (2013) summarised the various classifications. Near et al. (2015) split the Percophidae subfamilies, recognising the Bembropidae as belonging with Scoraeniformes, as currently recognised, and the Percophinae as the sister group to the Notothenioidei and placed the genus Percophis in the Notothenioidei. They suggested that other subfamilies of the Percophidae belong elsewhere. While we have retained the overall traditional classification, changes have been made separating percophid subfamilies into several separate families. Thacker et al (2015) proposed the Trichonotidae as the sister group to the Gobiidei, proposed a new suborder Hemerocoetoidei containing the Creediidae and Hemerocoetidae. She noted that molecular studies did not support relationships between the Champosodontidae and the Scorpaeniformes. While there is general agreement that the suborder as included here is probably not monophyletic, there is not agreement about placement of the various families. Consequently we retain the group here pending further studies.


General References

Imamura, H.& Odani, K. 2013. An overview of the phylogenetic relationships of the suborder Trachinoidei (Acanthomorpha: Perciformes). Ichthyological Research 60(1): 1-15

Mooi, R.D. & Johnson, G.D. 1997. Dismantling the Trachinoidei: evidence of a scorpaenoid relationship for the Champsodontidae. Ichthyological Research 44(2): 143-176

Near, T.J., Dornburg, A., Harrington, R.C., Oliveira, C., Pietsch, T.W., Thacker, C.E., Satoh, T.P., Katayama, E., Wainwright, P.C., Eastman, J.T. & Beaulieu, J.M. 2015. Identification of the notothenioid sister lineage illuminates the biogeographic history of an Antarctic adaptive radiation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15(109): 1-14

Nelson, J.S. 1994. Fishes of the World. New York : John Wiley & Sons 600 pp.

Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 601 pp.

Odani, K. & Imamura, H. 2011. New phylogenetic proposal for the Family Leptoscopidae (Perciformes: Trachinoidei). Bulletin of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University 61(2/3): 49-63

Pietsch, T.W. & Zabetian, C.P. 1990. Osteology and interrelationships of the sand lances (Teleostei: Ammodytidae). Copeia 1990(1): 78-100

Smith, D.G. & Johnson, G.D. 2007. A new species of Pteropsaron (Teleostei: Trichonotidae: Hemerocoetinae) from the western Pacific, with notes on related species. Copeia 2007(2): 364–377

Springer, V.G. & Johnson, D.G. 2004. Study of the dorsal gill-arch musculature of teleostome fishes, with special reference to the Actinopterygii. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 11: 1-260

Thacker, C.E., Takashi P., Satoh, T.P., Katayama, T., Harrington, R.C., Eytan, R.I. & Near, T.J. 2015. Molecular phylogeny of Percomorpha resolves Trichonotus as the sister lineage to Gobioidei (Teleostei: Gobiiformes) and confirms the polyphyly of Trachinoidei. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 93: 172–179

Wiley, E.O. & Johnson, G.D. 2010. A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. pp. 123-182 in Nelson, J.S., Schultze, H.-P. & Wilson, M.V.H. Origin and Phylogenetic Interrelationships of Teleosts. München, Germany : Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil 480 pp.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
08-Oct-2015 TRACHINOIDEI 02-Oct-2015 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
22-Sep-2011 22-Sep-2011 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)