Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

CAAB: 37395005

Species Limnichthys fasciatus Waite, 1904

Tommyfish, Barred Sand Burrower, Sand-diver, Striped Sand-diver, Tommy Fish


Miscellaneous Literature Names



As currently recognised the species in Australia is composed of two geographically separate populations, one from Six Mile Island in the Great Australian Bight to the Dampier Archipelago, Western Australia. The other is widely distributed from Cape York, Queensland to southern New South Wales and Lord Howe Island. In addition the species is known from Japan and Taiwan. Nelson (1978) tentatively separated the western population as a subspecies Limnichthys fasciatus major. Further work is needed to clarify the identity of these various populations. Misidentifications are common and some tropical specimens may belong to Limnichthys nitidus.




New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Six Mile Island (33°37`S, 123°53`E) to Kendrew Island (20°29`S, 116°32`E) and Ashmore Reef, Coral Sea (10°20'S, 144°32'E) to off Eden, NSW (37°S, 149°E); tropical, temperate, east-Indoi-west Pacific (south-western Pacific and southeastern Indian Ocean off Australia), Vanuatu, Japan and Taiwan.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Lord Howe Province (14), Cape Province (20), Norfolk Island Province (21), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Benthic, inshore, rock reef, sand bottom marine.

Extra Ecological Information

Depth range: 0-150 m.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [174]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [108]

Francis, M. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science 47(2): 136-170 figs 1-2 [166]

Glover, C.J.M. 1994. Family Creediidae. pp. 715-716 figs 626-627 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [716]

Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds) 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [716]

Hoese, D.F. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Creediidae. pp. 1497-1499 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1498]

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 [40]

Johnson, J.W. 2008. Family Creediidae. pp. 674-675 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [675]

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [318]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part III. Records of the Australian Museum 5: 329–436 [334]

Nelson, J.S. 1978. Limnichthys polyactis, a new species of blennioid fish from New Zealand with notes on the taxonomy and distribution of other Creediidae (including Limnichthyidae). New Zealand Journal of Zoology 5(2): 351-364 figs 1-5

Nelson, J.S. 2001. Trichonotidae, Creediidae, Percophidae. pp. 3511-3516 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3514]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 507 pp. figs. [359]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [359]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [54] (as Limnichthys fasciatus major)

Yoshino, T., Kon, T. & Okabe, S. 1999. Review of the genus Limnichthys (Perciformes: Creediidae) from Japan, with description of a new species. Ichthyological Research 46(1): 73-83


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
08-Oct-2015 TRACHINOIDEI 24-Aug-2015 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
22-Sep-2011 22-Sep-2011 MODIFIED
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED