Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37229008

Species Eurypleuron cinereum (Smith, 1955)

Wide-rib Pearlfish


Generic Combinations



Markle & Olney (1990) regarded Eurypleuron owasianum (Matsubara, 1953) as a senior synonym of E. cinereum (Smith, 1955). Williams & Machida (1992 indicated that the northern and southern populations appeared to differ and suggested that the name E. cinereum be used for the southern population. We follow that work here, but note that the name may change with further studies. Both names are in common usage for the Australian species.




New South Wales, Queensland

Extra Distribution Information

Off Brisbane, QLD to off Kiams (34°44'S), NSW; temperate, South Indian and south Pacific

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Central Eastern Province (12), Norfolk Island Province (21), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39)

Ecological Descriptors

Benthic, continental shelf, continental slope.

Extra Ecological Information

Free living, to 455 m.


General References

Arnold, D.C. 1956. A systematic revision of the fishes of the teleost family Carapidae (Percomorphi, Blennioidea), with descriptions of two new species. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Historical Series 4(6): 245-307 figs 1-20 [278] (As Carapus owasianus and Carapus cinereus)

Hoese, D.F., Paxton, J.R., Gates, J.E. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Carapidae. pp. 551-555 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [554] (As Eurypleuron cinereus but notes that various authors disagree over the status of E. cinereus and E. owasianum)

Markle, D.F. & Olney, J.E. 1990. Systematics of the pearlfishes (Pisces: Carapidae). Bulletin of Marine Science 47(2): 269-410 [338]

Nielsen, J.G., Cohen, D.M., Markle, D.F. & Robins, C.R. 1999. Ophidiiform Fishes of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform species known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125 Vol. 18. 178 pp. [18] (regard as E. owasianum, but indicate further study is required)

Olney, J.E. & Markle, D.F. 1986. Family No. 97: Carapidae. pp. 350-354 in Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. (eds). Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesburg : Macmillan South Africa xx + 1047 pp. 144 pls. [351] (As Carapus cinereus)

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. & Hanley, J.E. (eds) 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Pisces: Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service Vol. 7 665 pp. [320] (as Echiodon owasianus)

Smith, M.M. & Heemstra, P.C. 1995. Smith's Sea Fishes. Johannesberg : Macmillan South Africa 3rd Impression, i-xxxi + 1047 pp., 144 pls. [353]

Williams, J.T. 1984. Studies of Echiodon (Pisces : Carapidae) with description of two new Indo-Pacific species. Copeia 1984(2): 410-422 figs 1-6 (as Echiodon cinereus and Echiodon owasianus)

Williams, J.T. & Machida, Y. 1992. Echiodon anchipterus: a valid western Pacific species of the pearlfish family Carapidae with comments on Eurypleuron. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 38(4): 367-373 [372] (as Eurypleuron cinereus)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
22-Jun-2015 OPHIDIIFORMES 16-May-2015 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED