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19 May 2020 - Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese

2 April 2014 - Dianne J. Bray


The order Stomiiformes comprises four families (Nelson 1994, Nelson et al. 2016). The species are meso- and bathypelagic in all oceans. Relationships are discussed in Fink & Weitzman (1982), Ahlstrom et al. (1984), Fink (1984, 1985), Harold & Weitzman (1996) and the molecular studies of DeVaney (2008) and Kenaley (2014). Although Nelson (2006) and Wiley & Johnson (2010) included a fifth family, the Diplophidae, it is not recognised in this work. A number of recent molecular studies suggest a sister relationship between the Osmeroidei and the Stomiiformes (Li et al. 2008; Near et al. 2012; Betancur-R et al. 2013), a relationship first proposed by Weitzman (1967). Spelling of family names follows van der Laan et al. (2014).


General References

Ahlstrom, E.H., Richards, W.J. & Weitzman, S.H. 1984. Families Gonostomatidae, Sternoptychidae, and associated stomiiform groups: development and relationships. pp. 184-198 in Moser, H.G. et al. (eds). Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Special Publication 1: 1-760

Betancur-R, R., Broughton, R.E., Wiley, E.O., Carpenter, K., López, J.A., Li, C., Holcroft, N.I., Arcila, D., Sanciangco, M., Cureton, II J.C., Zhang, F., Buser, T &, Campbell, M.A., Ballesteros, J.A., Roa-Varon, A., Willis, S., Borden, W.C., Rowley, T., Reneau, P.C., Hough, D.J., Lu, G., Grande, T., Arratia, G. & Ortí, G. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLOS Currents Tree of Life Edition 1: doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288

DeVaney, S.C. 2008. The interrelationships of fishes of the order Stomiiformes. Ph.D Thesis, University of Kansas. pp. 233

Fink, W.L. 1984. Stomiiforms: relationships. pp. 181-184 figs 95-97 in Moser, H.G. et al. (eds). Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Special Publication 1: 1-760

Fink, W.L. 1985. Phylogenetic interrelationships of the stomiid fishes (Teleostei: Stomiiformes. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 171: 1-127

Fink, W.L. & S.H. Weitzman. 1982. Relationships of the stomiiform fishes (Teleostei), with a description of Diplophos. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 150(2): 31-93

Harold, A.S. & Weitzman, S.H. 1996. Interrelationships of stomiiform fishes. pp. 333-353 in Stiassny, M.L.J., Parenti, L.R. & Johnson, G.D. (eds). Interrelationships of Fishes. San Diego : Academic Press 496 pp.

Kenaley, C.P., DeVaney, S.C. & Fjeran, T.T. 2014. The complex evolutionary history of seeing red: molecular phylogeny and the evolution of an adaptive visual system in deep-sea dragonfishes (Stomiiformes: Stomiidae). Evolution 68: 996–1013

Li, C., Lu, G. & Orti, G. 2008. Optimal data partitioning and a test case for ray-finned fishes (Actinopterygii) based on ten nuclear loci. Systematic Biology 57: 519–539

Near, T.J., Eytan, R.I., Dornburg, A., Kühn, K.L., Moore, J.A., Davis, M.P., Wainwright, P.C., Friedman, M. & Smith, W.L 2012. Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109: 13698-13703

Nelson, J.S. 1994. Fishes of the World. New York : John Wiley & Sons 600 pp.

Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 601 pp.

Nelson, J.S., Grande, T.C. & Wilson, M.V.H. 2016. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons 5, 752 pp.

Van der Laan, R., Eschmeyer, W.N. & Fricke, R. 2014. Family-group names of recent fishes. Zootaxa 3882(1): 1–230

Weitzman, S.H 1967. The origin of the stomiatoid fishes with comments on the classification of salmoniform fishes. Copeia 1967: 507–540

Wiley, E.O. & Johnson, G.D. 2010. A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. pp. 123-182 in Nelson, J.S., Schultze, H.-P. & Wilson, M.V.H. Origin and Phylogenetic Interrelationships of Teleosts. München, Germany : Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil 480 pp.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
11-Sep-2020 STOMIIFORMES 19-May-2020 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
12-Feb-2010 (import)