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CAAB: 37384023

Species Pseudolabrus rubicundus (Macleay, 1881)

Rosy Wrasse, Rosy Parrot Fish, Rosy Parrotfish


Generic Combinations


Miscellaneous Literature Names



This species was originally described as Labrus psittaculus (Richardson, 1840), however Parenti and Randall (2000) noted that this name is preoccupied by Labrus psittaculus Lacepède, 1801 [=Halichoeres bivittatus (Bloch 1791)]. Although the next available name is Labrichthys rubicunda, Allen et al. 2006 recognised the species as another junior synonym, Pseudolabrus mortonii (Johnson 1885). They placed L. rubicunda as incertae cedis due to the absence of type specimens, and stating “this name is at best a nomen dubium, as the species does not occur in Western Australia [purported type location], and the description is not consistent with this south-eastern Australian species.”Russell & Gill (2012) resurrected P. rubicundus after locating the holotype at the Macleay Museum, Sydney. They determined that L. rubicunda is conspecific with P. mortoni, and found the type locality to be Tasmania, and not King George Sound, WA, as had been widely reported. The species has now been recorded as far west as off Albany, WA.




New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Off Dee Why, Sydney, NSW (33°44'S, 151°26'E) to off Albany, WA (35°22'S, 117°12'E) and coastal TAS; temperate.

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38)

Ecological Descriptors

Inshore, rock reef.

Extra Ecological Information

2 - 218 m.


General References

Allen, G.R., N.J. Cross, C.J. Allen & M.F. Gomon 2006. Labridae: Labrinae. pp. 1368-1418 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1409] (as Pseudolabrus mortonii)

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2nd edn, 624 pp. [548]

Edgar, G.J., Last, P.R. & Wells, M.W. 1982. Coastal Fishes of Tasmania and Bass Strait. Hobart : Cat & Fiddle Press 175 pp. [104] (as P. psittaculus)

Gomon, M.F. &. Russell, B.C. 1994. Family Labridae. pp. 675-699 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [697] (as P. psittaculus)

Hutchins, J.B. & Swainston, R. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete field guide for anglers and divers. Perth : Swainston Publishing 180 pp. [86, 137] (as Pseudolabrus psittaculus)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [273] (as P. psittaculus)

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp. (as P. psittaculus)

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398. [233] (as P. psittaculus)

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. [410] (as P. psittaculus)

Parenti, P. & Randall, J.E. 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute, Grahamstown 68: 1-97

Russell, B.C. 1988. Revision of the labrid fish genus Pseudolabrus and allied genera. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 9: 1-72 [34] (as Pseudolabrus psittaculus)

Russell, B.C. & A.C. Gill 2012. The status of Pseudolabrus psittaculus (Richardson) and use of the name Pseudolabrus rubricundus (Macleay) for this species. Cybium 36(2): 353-356

Russell, B.C. & Gomon, M.F. 2008. Family Labridae. pp. 638-659 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [657] (as Pseudolabrus psittaculus)

Waite, E.R. 1921. Illustrated catalogue of the fishes of South Australia. Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) 2(1): 1-208 293 figs pl. 1 [128] (as Pseudolabrus psittaculus)


Common Name References

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. [410] (Rosy Parrotfish)

Pollard, J. (ed.) 1980. G.P. Whitley's Handbook of Australian Fishes. North Sydney : Jack Pollard Publishing Pty Ltd 629 pp. [257] (Rosy Parrot Fish)

Seafood Services Australia 2008. Australian Fish Names Standard. (Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. [410]) (Rosy Wrasse)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
27-Jul-2017 LABROIDEI 24-Jun-2017 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED