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28 June 2017 - Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese


This suborder includes four families of coastal marine and freshwater species. Johnson (1993) questioned the evidence of the monophyly of the group as defined by Kaufman & Liem (1982).

Allen et al. (2006), following Clements et al. (2004) and Westneat & Alfaro (2005), placed the previously recognised families Odacidae and Scaridae (Nelson 1994, 2006) into the Labridae. For convenience, Allen et al. (2006), placed the three traditionally recognised families as subfamilies of the Labridae. Although Westneat & Alfaro (2005), found the scarids to be monophyletic, the odacids were not found to be monophyletic within the Labridae. Consequently, we retain the subfamily Scarinae, and move the taxa Allen et al. (2006) previously placed in the subfamily Odacinae into the subfamily Labrinae until relationships are better determined to allow a more phylogenetic classification.

Various studies (Springer & Orell 2004, Betancur et al. 2013, Near et al. 2012) have indicated that the Labridae, as recognised here, is not closely related to other members of the group, Nelson et al (2016) placed the Labridae into the order Labriformes, the Cichlidae into the order Cichliformes and the Pomacentridae in a separate group along with many families included here in the Percoidei. We retain the traditional classification here, but recognise that further work will undoubtedly break up this group.


General References

Allen, G.R., N.J. Cross, C.J. Allen & M.F. Gomon 2006. Labridae: Labrinae. pp. 1368-1418 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp.

Betancur-R, R., Broughton, R.E., Wiley, E.O., Carpenter, K., López, J.A., Li, C., Holcroft, N.I., Arcila, D., Sanciangco, M., Cureton, II J.C., Zhang, F., Buser, T &, Campbell, M.A., Ballesteros, J.A., Roa-Varon, A., Willis, S., Borden, W.C., Rowley, T., Reneau, P.C., Hough, D.J., Lu, G., Grande, T., Arratia, G. & Ortí, G. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLOS Currents Tree of Life Edition 1: doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288

Clements, K.D., Alfaro, M.E., Fessler, J.L. & Westneat, M.W. 2004. Relationships of the temperate Australasian labrid fish tribe Odacini (Perciformes; Teleostei). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 575-587

Johnson, G.D. 1993. Percomorph phylogeny: progress and problems. Bulletin of Marine Science 52(1): 3-28

Kaufman, L.S. & Liem, K.F. 1982. Fishes of the suborder Labroidei (Pisces; Perciformes): phylogeny, ecology, and evolutionary significance. Breviora. Museum of Comparative Zoology 472: 1-19

Near, T.J., Eytan, R.I., Dornburg, A., Kühn, K.L., Moore, J.A., Davis, M.P., Wainwright, P.C., Friedman, M. & Smith, W.L 2012. Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109: 13698-13703

Nelson, J.S. 1994. Fishes of the World. New York : John Wiley & Sons 600 pp.

Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 601 pp.

Nelson, J.S., Grande, T.C. & Wilson, M.V.H. 2016. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons 5, 752 pp.

Springer, V.G. & Orrell, T.M. 2004. Appendix: phylogenetic analysis of 147 families of acanthomorph fi shes based primarily on dorsal gill-arch muscles and skeleton. pp. 236-260 in Springer, V.G. & Johnson, D.G. Study of the dorsal gill-arch musculature of teleostome fishes, with special reference to the Actinopterygii. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 11: 1-260

Westneat, M.W. & Alfaro, M.E. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of the reef fish family Labridae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36(2): 370-390


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
27-Jul-2017 LABROIDEI 28-Jun-2017 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
12-Feb-2010 (import)