Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37282071

Species Heraldia nocturna Paxton, 1975

Upside-down Pipefish, Upside Down Pipefish, Upsidedown Pipefish, Western Upside-down Pipefish

  • Type data:
     Holotype AM I.17328–001 (male), Village Point, Watson's Bay, Sydney Harbour, NSW, 3m.
    Paratype(s) AM I.16516-001, Green Point, Sydney Harbour, NSW. 15m.; AM I.17033-008, Off Shore Beach, Sydney Harbour, NSW. 1-7m.; AM I.17112-003, Seal Rocks, ~190km northeast of Sydney, NSW. 10m.; AM I.17328-002 (female?), Village Point, Watson's Bay, Sydney Harbour, NSW, 3m; AM I.17641-001, Seal Rocks, ~190km northeast of Sydney, NSW. 10m.; AM I.17642-001, Green Point, Sydney Harbour, NSW. 2m; AM I.18075-001, Watson's Bay, Sydney Harbour, NSW, 5m.; BMNH 1975.2.19.1, Parsley Bay, Sydney Harbour, NSW; BPBM 18034, Seal Rocks, ~190km northeast of Sydney, NSW, 12m; CAS 32366, Camp Cove, Sydney Harbour, NSW, 5m.; QM I.12920, Camp Cove, Sydney Harbour, NSW, 15m; WAM P.25167-001, Watson's Bay, Sydney Harbour; CAS 32367 (male), Green Point, Sydney Harbour, NSW.




New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Seal Rocks, NSW (32º26´S, 152º32'E) to Eagle Bay, southwest Geographe Bay, WA (33º33'S, 115º04'E), and Port Davey, TAS (43º21'S, 146º00'E); temperate.

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Inshore, nocturnal, rock reef.

Extra Ecological Information



General References

Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Ocean Springs (Mississippi) : Gulf Coast Research Laboratory 230 pp. 293 figs pl. 1. [96]

Dawson, C.E. 1994. Family Syngnathidae. pp. 440-475 figs 391-426 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [446]

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Sydney : Reed New Holland 2nd edn, 624 pp. [481]

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 [27]

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [84]

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. [80]

Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives. Chorleywood, UK : TMC Publishing 240 pp. [102]

Kuiter, R.H. 2008. Syngnathidae. pp. 448-479 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [453]

Kuiter, R.H. 2009. Seahorses and their relatives. Seaford, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 331. [186]

Paxton, J.R., Gates, J.E., Hoese, D.F. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Syngnathidae. pp. 810-846 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [822]

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. & Hanley, J.E. (eds) 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Pisces: Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service Vol. 7 665 pp. [419]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
27-Jul-2017 SYNGNATHIFORMES 29-Apr-2017 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese Dr Matthew Lockett
25-Jun-2015 SYNGNATHIFORMES 16-Aug-2014 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED