Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37371007

Species Geophagus brasiliensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)

Pearl Cichlid, Mother-of-pearl Cichlid, Pearl Eartheater, Pearlscale


Extra Distribution Information

Rockhampton region, QLD (ca. 23°22'S, 150°31'E), upper Tweed River system, NSW (28°26'S, 153°19'E), and the upper Swan River system, WA (ca. 31°53'S, 115°58'E), possibly also Woodford region north of Brisbane, QLD (ca. 26°57'S, 152°45'E); tropical, temperate, South America, coastal drainages of eastern and southern Brazil and Uruguay

Introduced from South America via aquarium trade.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Brigalow Belt North (BBN), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Brackish water, freshwater.


General References

Beatty, S.J., Morgan, D.L., Keleher, J., Allen, M.A. and Sarre, G.A. 2013. The tropical South American cichlid, Geophagus brasiliensis in Mediterranean climatic south-western Australia. Aquatic Invasions 8(1): 21-36

de Graaf, M. & Coutts, T. 2010. Invasive potential of a South-American fish species, Geophagus brasiliensis, in the Swan River, Western Australia: based on tolerance to instantaneous and gradual changes in salinity. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 93: 147-151

Gosse, J.-P. 1976. Révision du genre Geophagus (Pisces Cichlidae). Memoirs. Académie Royale des Sciences d'Outre-Mer. Classe des Sciences naturelles et médicales (N.S.) 19(3): 1-172, Fig. 1-35, Pls. 1-5. [Printed 15 Jan. 1976] [34-44] (in French)

Kullander, S.O. 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). pp. 605-654 in R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander & C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds). Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Brasil : Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS pp.

McKay, R.J. 1989. Exotic and translocated freshwater fishes in Australia. pp. 21-34 in De Silva, S.S. (ed.). Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia: Proceedings of the workshop on introduction of exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Manila, Philippines : Asian Fisheries Society Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3. 154 pp.

Riehl, R. & Baensch, H.A. 1996. Aquarien Atlas, Band 1. Melle, Germany : Mergus Verlag GmBH 10th, pp. 992. [704]

Welcomme, R.L. 1988. International introductions of inland aquatic species. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 294. pp. 318 [120]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
LABROIDEI 17-Aug-2012 ADDED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)