Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37341005

Species Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860)

Whipfin Ponyfish, Long-spined Pony-fish, New Holland Pony-fish


Generic Combinations



We follow Jones (1985) in recognising Leiognathus hastatus Ogilby, 1912 as a synonym of Equulites leuciscus. However, Woodland et al. (2001: 2812) listed L. hastatus as a junior synonym of Leiognathus moretoniensis; this synonymy may have been based on the work of Whitley (1932: 107) who listed AM I.465 as the holotype of L. hastatus. The specimen AM I.465 was received from the Queensland Museum in 1886. Jones (1985) considered it not to be a type specimen and regarded QM I.878 as the holotype of L. hastatus.




Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Shark Bay, WA (25°21'S) to south of Mackay, QLD (22°31'S); tropical, east-Indo-west Pacific.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coastal, continental shelf, inshore, marine, soft bottom.

Extra Ecological Information

10-50 m.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1988. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. An annotated checklist. Ringwood, Victoria, Australia : New Guinea Fishes Association, Ringwood, Victoria : 8 pp. [76]

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [118] (as Leiognathus leuciscus)

Chakrabarty, P., Chu, J., Nahar, L. & Sparks, J.S. 2010. Geometric morphometrics uncovers a new species of ponyfish (Teleostei: Leiognathidae: Equulites), with comments on the taxonomic status of Equula berbis Valenciennes. Zootaxa 2427: 15-24 [17-18]

Chakrabarty, P., Sparks, J.S. & Ho., H.-C. 2010. Taxonomic review of the ponyfishes (Perciformes: Leiognathidae) of Taiwan. Marine Biodiversity 40: 107-121 [111]

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. [333] (as Leiognathus leuciscus)

Hoese, D.F. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Leiognathidae. pp. 1176-1182 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1180] (as Leiognathus leuciscus)

Jones, G. 1985. Revision of the Australian species of the fish family Leiognathidae. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 559-613 figs 1-19 [590] (as Leiognathus leuciscus)

Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibliography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement 27: 1-663 [339]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 145–329 [212] (as Leiognathus novaehollandiae and p. 214, as L. hastatus)

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [134] (866, as Equulites novaehollandiae and 865, as Equulites hastatus)

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [184] (as Leiognathus leuciscus)

Sparks, J.S., Dunlap, P.V. & Smith, W.L. 2005. Evolution and diversification of a sexually dimorphic luminescent system in ponyfishes (Teleostei: Leiognathidae), including diagnoses of two new genera. Cladistics 21: 305-327 (as Photoplagios leuciscus)

Whitley, G.P. 1932. Some fishes of the family Leiognathidae. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 10(2): 99-116 fig. 1 pls 13-14

Woodland, D.J., Premcharoen, S. & Cabanban, A.S. 2001. Leiognathidae. pp. 2792-2823 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [2810] (as Leiognathus leuciscus)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
18-Aug-2021 LEIOGNATHIDAE 29-Oct-2019 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
18-Aug-2021 14-Sep-2011 MOVED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED