Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37341021

Species Deveximentum ruconium (Hamilton, 1822)

Deep Pugnose Ponyfish, Pig-nosed Pony-fish, Pug-nosed Ponyfish, Pugnose Ponyfish


Generic Combinations



The appropriate name for this species has been disputed for some years. The name Secutor ruconius has been in use for many years. Mochizuki & Hayashi (1989) regarded Chanda ruconius as not belonging in Secutor, but probably a species of Leiognathus. The terminal mouth and bands on the body extending below the lateral line are suggestive of Leiognathus, similar to L. striatus; however the dark ring around the eye and the bar below the eye are more suggestive of Secutor. Consequently the drawing is either highly inaccurate or a mixture of two different genera. Chakrabarty et al. (2009, 2010) has recommended retaining S. ruconius for this species until a revision is carried out. Abraham et al. (2011) have also retained the name Sector ruconius. Baldwin & Sparks (2011) recognised both S. ruconius and S. interruptus, but give no details about separation of the two. Tentatively we recognise Deveximentum ruconium here in the interests of stability.

Kottelat (2013) noted that Secutor is apparently a replacement name for Equula Cuvier, 1815, which is now regarded as a synonym of Leiognathus. He proposed using the name Deveximentum Fowler, 1904 for the genus typically referred to as Secutor (see discussion under genus). That would make Deveximentum ruconium or Deveximentum interruptum the appropriate name for this species. Tentatively we follow current usage in recognising Deveximentum in the interests of stability. Kottelat (2013) placed ruconius in the genus Leiognathus.




Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Exmouth Gulf, WA (22°05'S) to Mackay, QLD (21°17'S); tropical, east-Indo-west Pacific, previous Australian records as Secutor ruconius.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coastal, continental shelf, estuary, inshore, marine.

Extra Ecological Information

1-60 m.


General References

Abraham, K.J., Joshi, K.K. & Murty, V.S.R. 2011. Taxonomy of the fishes of the family Leiognathidae (Pisces, Teleostei) from the west coast of India. Zootaxa 2886: 1-18 [15]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [76] (as Secutor ruconis)

Baldwin, Z.H. & Sparks, J.S. 2011. A new species of Secutor (Teleostei: Leiognathidae) from the western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 2998: 39-47 [39]

Chakrabarty, P., Amarasinghe, T. & Sparks, J.S. 2009. Redescriptionof ponyfishes (Teleostei: Leiognathidae) of Sri Lanka and the status of Aurigequula Fowler 1918. Ceylon Journal of Science 37(2): 143-161 [150]

Chakrabarty, P., Sparks, J.S. & Ho., H.-C. 2010. Taxonomic review of the ponyfishes (Perciformes: Leiognathidae) of Taiwan. Marine Biodiversity 40: 107-121 [119]

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. [169, 333] (as Secutor ruconius)

Hoese, D.F. & Bray, D.J. 2006. Leiognathidae. pp. 1176-1182 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1182] (as Secutor interruptus)

Jones, G. 1985. Revision of the Australian species of the fish family Leiognathidae. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 559-613 figs 1-19 [608] (as Secutor ruconius)

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 145–329 [212] (as Leiognathus interruptus and p. 213 as L. profundus)

Mochizuki, K. & Hayashi, M. 1989. Revision of the leiognathid fishes of the genus Secutor, with two new species. Science Reports of the Yokosuka City Museum 37: 83-95 figs 1-7 [87] (asd Secutor interruptus)

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [135] (859, as S. ruconius)

Sainsbury, K.J., Kailola, P.J. & Leyland, G.G. 1984. Continental Shelf Fishes of Northern and North-Western Australia. Canberra : Fisheries Information Service 375 pp. figs & pls. [190] (as S. ruconius)

Sparks, J.S. & Chakrabarty, P. 2015. Description of a new genus of ponyfishes (Teleostei: Leiognathidae), with a review of the current generic-level composition of the family. Zootaxa 3947(2): 181–190

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [45] (1156, as Secutor profundus)

Woodland, D.J., Premcharoen, S. & Cabanban, A.S. 2001. Leiognathidae. pp. 2792-2823 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [2822] (as Secutor ruconius)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
18-Aug-2021 LEIOGNATHIDAE 27-Jun-2018 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
14-Dec-2012 01-Nov-2013 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED