Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37359002

Species Toxotes jaculatrix (Pallas, 1767)

Banded Archerfish, Northern Rifle-fish


Miscellaneous Literature Names



There is some confusion over the use of the name Toxotes schlosseri. McCulloch (1929) lists the species as based on Gobius schlosseri Pallas, 1770, which is now regarded as Periophthalmodon schlosseri and from the original figure, it is clearly not a Toxotes. McCulloch (1929) also listed Scarus schlosseri Gmelin, 1789 as a synonym, indicating that it was based on Pallas, 1770: 41. However, Gmelin (1789) does not give any Pallas name to the species, but does reference Pallas Spic. Zool. 8, p. 41. The species on that page is Sparus insidiator (= Epibulus insidiator). As a result it is apparent that either Gmelin (1789) made a mistake in the reference or the species (i.e., Scarus schlosseri Gmelin, 1789) should be treated as a separate description, which is what is followed here. The confusion appears to date back to Günther (1860).




Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Yampi Sound, WA (16°08'S) to Cairns, QLD (16°55'S); tropical, east-Indo-west Pacific.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


NT, Qld, WA: Arnhem Coast (ARC), Central Arnhem (CA), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Northern Kimberley (NK), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Wet Tropics (WT)


Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Estuary, freshwater, inshore, mangrove.

Extra Ecological Information

Lower reaches of rivers.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1978. A review of the archerfishes (family Toxotidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum 6(4): 355-378 figs 1-11

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [146]

Allen, G.R. 2001. Toxotidae. pp. 3212-3215 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [3215]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [252]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [94]

Günther, A. 1860. Catalogue of the Fishes in the British Museum. Catalogue of the acanthopterygian fishes in the collection of the British Museum. Squamipinnes, Cirrhitidae, Triglidae, Trachinidae, Sciaenidae, Polynemidae, Sphyraenidae, Trichiuridae, Scombridae, Carangidae, Xiphiidae. London : British Museum Vol. 2 548 pp.

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 145–329 [235] (as Toxotes schlosseri)

Pallas, P.S. 1770. Spicilegia Zoologica, quibus novae imprimus et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur. Berlin Tom. 1 Fasc. 8 54 pp. 5 pls.

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [46] (1276)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
12-Nov-2012 12-Nov-2012 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED