Australian Biological Resources Study

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CAAB: 37464000


Three-spine, Triplespines, Tripodfishes

Compiler and date details

8 November 2013 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, John R. Paxton & Matthew M. Lockett


The triplespines, family Triacanthidae, are usually found over the continental shelves of the Indo-west Pacific in depths to about 150 m. Currently, four genera and seven species are known worldwide, with all four genera and six species recognised from Australia.

Triacanthids are of small to medium size, reaching a maximum length of about 30 cm and are commonly taken by trawlers in the tropical regions. Tyler (1968) revised the family and Matsuura (2001) presented a key to genera. Santini & Tyler (2001) studied relationships within the family. Fossils are known from the Eocene of Europe. Nelson (2006) placed the family in the suborder Balistoidei. Relationships to other families has been reviewed by Santini et al. (2013), See family introduction for Tracanthodidae for various suggested relationships.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
12-Feb-2010 (import)