Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37384154

Species Stethojulis bandanensis (Bleeker, 1851)

Redspot Wrasse, Banda Wrasse, Bluelined Wrasse, Dotted Rainbow-fish, Dotted Rainbowfish, Red-spot Rainbowfish, Red-spot Wrasse


Generic Combinations


Miscellaneous Literature Names



Stethojulis axillaris (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) was widely used as a senior synonym of Stethojulis bandanensis by many earlier authors (e.g. de Beaufort 1940), until Randall & Kay (1974) established that S. axillaris is restricted to Hawaii and is a junior synonym of S. balteata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824). Parenti & Randall (2000) listed Stethojulis casturi Günther as a junior synonym of S. trilineata, but is retained following Randall (2000). Figure in Günther (1909) of syntype clearly indicates that the nominal species belongs here.




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Rottnest Island (32°00'S, 115°30'E) to Dampier Archipelago (20°29'S, 116°32'E), WA, and offshore reefs of northwest WA from Rowley Shoals (17°17'S, 119°21'E) to Hibernia Reef (11°59'S, 123°21'E), Ashmore & Cartier Reefs, Timor Sea (ca. 12°15'S, 123°07'E), Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Indian Ocean, and Murray Island, QLD (9°56'S, 144°04'E) to Merimbula, NSW (36°54'S, 149°55), also Ashmore Reef (10°14S, 144°36'E), Holmes Reef, Coringa Herald Reserve and Lihou Reef, Coral Sea, Middleton & Elizabeth Reefs (29°57, 159°05), Tasman Sea, and Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands; tropical, west-central Pacific.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Lord Howe Province (14), Central Eastern Transition (15), Northeast Province (18), Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Norfolk Island Province (21), Cocos (Keeling) Island Province (22), Christmas Island Province (23), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Northwest Transition (3), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Other Regions

Coral Sea Islands Territory, Territory of Ashmore & Cartier Islands, Torres Strait Islands terrestrial, marine & freshwater

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coral reef, inshore.

Extra Ecological Information

0 - 22 m.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [192]

Allen, G.R., N.J. Cross, C.J. Allen & M.F. Gomon 2006. Labridae: Labrinae. pp. 1368-1418 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1411]

Allen, G.R., Steene, R.C. & Orchard, M. 2007. Fishes of Christmas Island. Christmas Island : Christmas Island Natural History Association 2 edn, 284 pp. [185]

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. [718]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [118]

de Beaufort, L.F. 1940. The Fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Percomorphi (continued), Cirrhitoidea, Labriformes, Pomacentriformes. Leiden : Brill Vol. 8 508 pp. 56 figs. [167]

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. [421] (as S. axillaris)

Günther, A. 1909. Andrew Garrett's Fische der Südsee. Heft 8. Journal des Museum Godeffroy, Hamburg 6(16): 261-388 figs 141-160 [pl. 141A]

Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2): 709-762 [744]

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [284]

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. [294]

Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy & Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. Chorleywood, U.K. : TMC Publishing 207 pp. [200]

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398. [354]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 145–329 [315] (as Stethojulis casturi and Hinalea axillaris)

Parenti, P. & Randall, J.E. 2000. An annotated checklist of the species of the labroid fish families Labridae and Scaridae. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute, Grahamstown 68: 1-97 [39]

Randall, J.E. 2000. Revision of the Indo-Pacific labrid fishes of the genus Stethojulis, with descriptions of two new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 31: 1-42 figs 1-9 [13]

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [334]

Randall, J.E. & Kay, J.C. 1974. Stethojulis axillaris, a junior synonym of the Hawaiian labrid fish Stethojulis balteata, with a key to the species of the genus. Pacific Science 28(2): 101-107 fig. 1 pl. 1 [101]

Russell, B.C. 2015. Tribe Julidini and Tribe Pseudolabrini. pp. 1374-1403 in Roberts, C.D., Stewart, A.L. & Struthers, C.D. (eds). The Fishes of New Zealand. Wellington : Te Papa Press Vol. 4 pp. 1153-1748. [1387]

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3459]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [51] (1714, as S. casturi and 1715 as S. rubromacula and 1716, as Hinalea axillaris)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
27-Jul-2017 LABROIDEI 28-Jun-2017 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED