Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae

Scorpaenidae: Scorpaeninae


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Subfamily Scorpaeninae


Compiler and date details

23 April 2015 - Dianne J. Bray, Gerald R. Allen, Norbert J. Cross & Douglass F. Hoese

Gerald R. Allen, Norbert J. Cross, Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese


The subfamily Scorpaeninae includes 17 or 18 genera (Mandrytsa 2001) and approximately 175 species. Currently 59 described species in 12 genera are known from Australia and external territories. Numerous additions and name changes have resulted from work of Motomura.

Randall & Eschmeyer (2001) revised the genus Scorpaenopsis, but they examined little Australian material. Many Australian species are covered by de Beaufort & Briggs (1962), Chen (1981) and Poss (1999).


General References

Allen, G.R. Cross, N.J., Bray, D.J. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Scorpaeninae. pp. 881-892 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [881]

Chen, L.C. 1981. Scorpaenid fishes of Taiwan. Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum 34(1/2): 1-60 figs 1-51

de Beaufort, L.F. & Briggs, J.C. 1962. The Fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. 11. Scleroparei, Hypostomides, Pediculati, Plectognathi, Opisthomi, Discocephali, Xenopterygii. Leiden : Brill Vol. 11 481 pp. 100 figs.

Johnson, J.W. & Motomura, H. 2008. Family Scorpaenidae. pp. 488 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp.

Mandrytsa, S.A. 2001. Lateral Line System and Classification of Scorpaenoid Fishes (Scorpeaniformes: Scorpaenidei). Perm : Perm State Univ. Press pp. 1-393.

McCulloch, A.R. 1913. Studies in Australian fishes, No. 3. Records of the Australian Museum 9(3): 355-389 figs 54-55 pls 12-20

Motomura, H., Béarez, P. & Causse, R. 2011. Review of Indo-Pacific specimens of the subfamily Scorpaeninae (Scorpaenidae), deposited in the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, with description of a new species of Neomerinthe. Cybium 33(1): 55-73

Motomura, H., C.D. Struthers, M.A. McGrouther & A.L. Stewart. 2011. Validity of Scorpaena jacksoniensis and a redescription of S. cardinalis, a senior synonym of S. cookii (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Ichthyological Research 58: 315–332, figs 1-11

Motomura, H. & Shinohara, G. 2005. Assessment of taxonomic characters of Scorpaenopsis obtusa and S. gibbosa (Scorpaenidae), with first records of S. obtusa from Japan and Australia and comments on the synonymy of S. gibbosa. Cybium 29(3): 295-301

Poss, S.G. 1999. Families Scorpaenidae, Caracanthidae, Aploactinidae. pp. 2291-2358 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Randall, J.E. & Eschmeyer, W.N. 2001. Revision of the Indo-Pacific scorpionfish genus Scorpaenopsis, with descriptions of eight new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 34: 1-79 [Date published 2002]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-May-2015 SCORPAENIFORMES 24-Apr-2015 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
12-Feb-2010 (import)