Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37245022

Species Rhadinocentrus ornatus Regan, 1914

Ornate Rainbowfish, Blue Spotted Sunfish, Moreton Island Sunfish, Neon Light Sunfish, Ornate Rainbow Fish, Porthole Fish, Soft-spined Rainbowfish, Soft-spined Sunfish, Southern Soft-spined Sun-fish, Southern Soft-spined Sunfish, Southern Sunfish



Genetic studies have identified 4 different stocks (Page et al. 2004), with limited dispersal (Sharma & Hughes 2011).




New South Wales, Queensland

Extra Distribution Information

Southern QLD and northern NSW in coastal areas east of the Great Dividing Range between about Maryborough (25º32´S) and Coffs Harbour (30º18´S), also occurs on sandy islands of southern QLD including Fraser Island (25º22´S), Moreton Island (27º11´S) and North Stradbroke Island (27º30´S); tropical.

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


NSW, Qld: Central Mackay Coast (CMC), NSW North Coast (NNC), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors



General References

Aarn [no initial] & Ivantsoff, W. 1996. Descriptive anatomy of Rhadinocentrus ornatus (Osteichthyes: Melanotaeniidae). Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwater 7(1): 41-58

Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 240 pp., 63 pls. [106]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [162]

Allen, G.R. & Cross, N.J. 1982. Rainbowfishes of Australia and Papua-New Guinea. New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 142 pp. figs. [108]

Leggett, R. & Merrick, J.R. 1987. Australian Native Fishes for Aquariums. Artarmon : J.R. Merrick Publications 241 pp. 142 figs. [132]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part I. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 1–144 [111]

McDowall, R.M. (ed.) 1996. Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp. [135]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [97] (668)

Page, T.J., Sharma, S. & Hughes, J.M. 2004. Deep phylogenetic structure has conservation implications for ornate rainbowfish (Melanotaeniidae: Rhadinocentrus ornatus) in Queensland, eastern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 55: 165-172

Pusey, B.J., Kennard, M.J. & Arthington, A.H. 2004. Freshwater Fishes of North-eastern Australia. Collingwood, Victoria : CSIRO Publishing 684 pp. [197]

Sharma, S. & Hughes, J.M. 2011. Genetic structure and phylogeography of two freshwater fishes, Rhadinocentrus ornatus and Hypseleotris compressa, in southern Queensland, Australia, inferred from allozymes and mitochondrial DNA. Environmental Biology of Fishes 78(1): 57–77

Whitley, G.P. 1960. Fresh water fishes of Australia. 18. Finchat February: 12-13, 25 [13]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [39] (635)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
21-Jul-2014 ATHERINIFORMES 14-Jul-2014 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
12-Feb-2010 (import)