Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory



<I>Melanotaenia splendida</I>, male paratype of <I>Aidaprora carteri</I>

Melanotaenia splendida, male paratype of Aidaprora carteri

<I>Melanotaenia splendida</I>, female paratype of <I>Aidroprora carteri</I>

Melanotaenia splendida, female paratype of Aidroprora carteri

<I>Melanotaenia splendida tatei</I>, Monetcolina Bore, SA

Melanotaenia splendida tatei, Monetcolina Bore, SA


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37245000



Compiler and date details

7 April 2014 - Gerald R. Allen, Douglass F. Hoese, Norbert J. Cross, Dianne J. Bray & Matthew M. Lockett

20 December 2006 - Gerald R. Allen, Norbert J. Cross, Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese


Members of the Melanotaeniidae occur in Australia, New Guinea and some surrounding islands. Worldwide the family contains seven genera and approximately 81 species (Allen et al. 2002, Unmack et al. 2013). Four genera and 16 species are known from Australia. However genetic work currently underway has indicated additional species (Unmack et al. 2013). The rainbowfishes were reviewed by Allen & Cross (1982); Saeed et al. (1989) removed Pseudomugil to a separate family. Bloom et al. (2012) suggested that the family might not be monophyletic with Cairnsichthys more closely related to Pseudomugil. However, they noted limited support for that hypothesis. Tentatively we retain the classification in Nelson (2006), except recognising the Pseudomugilidae as a distinct family.

Most melanotaeniids inhabit freshwater streams, lakes, and swamps. Many are popular aquarium fishes. The maximum size is about 12 cm standard length, but a few rainbowfishes are under 5 cm standard length.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
21-Jul-2014 ATHERINIFORMES 14-Jul-2014 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
12-Feb-2010 (import)