Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37384030

Species Oxycheilinus orientalis (Günther, 1862)

Oriental Maori Wrasse, Oriental Wrasse


Generic Combinations



Allen et al. (2006) previously excluded Oxycheilinus orientalis from the Australian fauna as the record, based on Kuiter (1993), which was apparently a different species. Mundy (2005) treats Cheilinus rhodochrous Günther 1867 as a junior synonym of Oxycheilinus unifasciatus (Streets, 1877), this placement would reduce the distribution of Oxycheilinus orientalis in Australia based on previous identification, but we follow Randall & Khalaf (2003).




Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Rowley Shoals (17°05'S, 119°35'E) and Hibernia Reef (11°59'S, 123°23'E), WA, and Ashmore Reef, Coral Sea (10°27'S, 144°27'E), possibly on Great Barrier Reef south to Capricorn Group, QLD, because of misidentifications, only confirmed record is from north of Hibernia Reef; tropical, east-Indo-west Pacific

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Province (2), Cape Province (20), Northwest Transition (3)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coral reef.

Extra Ecological Information

10-30 m.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [180]

Allen, G.R., N.J. Cross, C.J. Allen & M.F. Gomon 2006. Labridae: Labrinae. pp. 1368-1418 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1403]

Allen, G.R. & Erdmann, M.V. 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth : Tropical Reef Research 3 vols, 1260 pp. [704]

Bleeker, P. 1862. Atlas Ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néerlandaises, publié sous les auspices du Gouvernement colonial néerlandais. Tome 1. Scaroïdes et Labroïdes. Amsterdam : Fréd. Müller 168 pp. pls 1-48. [71, Pl. 33 (fig. 8)] (described as Cheilinus coccineus)

Kuiter, R.H. 1993. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 437 pp. [294] (not O. orientalis)

Kuiter, R.H. 2010. Labridae fishes: wrasses. Seaford, Victoria, Australia : Aquatic Photographics pp. 398. [182] (as Cheilinus orientalis)

Randall, J.E. 2005. Reef and shore fishes of the South Pacific. New Caledonia to Tahiti and the Pitcairn Islands. Honolulu : University of Hawaii Press 707 pp. [425]

Randall, J.E. & Khalaf, M.A. 2003. Redescription of the labrid fish Oxycheilinus orientalis (Günther), a senior synonym of O. rhodochrous (Günther), and the first record from the Red Sea. Zoological Studies 42(1): 135-139

Westneat, M.W. 2001. Labridae. pp. 3381-3467 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 6 pp. 3381-4218. [3450]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
LABROIDEI 04-May-2015 ADDED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)