Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37285003

Species Ophisternon candidum (Mees, 1962)

Blind Cave Eel

Compiler and date details

20 April 2011 - Dianne J. Bray, Douglass F. Hoese & Jennifer E. Gates




Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Restricted to subterranean fresh water of north-western WA from Cape Range peninsula to Barrow Island and east to around Pannawonica

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


WA: Carnarvon (CAR), Pilbara (PIL)

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Cave dweller, freshwater, underground water.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1982. Inland Fishes of Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 86 pp. 6 figs 20 pls. [42]

Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 240 pp., 63 pls. [118]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [175]

Humphreys, W.F 1999. The distribution of Australian cave fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum 19: 469-472

Humphreys, W.F. & Feinberg, M.N. 1995. Food of the blind cave fishes of northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 29-33

Ivantsoff, W., Unmack, P., Saeed, B. & Crowley, L.E.L.M. 1991. A redfinned blue-eye, a new species and genus of the family Pseudomugilidae from central western Queensland. Fishes of Sahul, Journal of the Australian New Guinea Fishes Association 6(4): 277-281

Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs. [178]

Moore, G.I. 2018. New morphological data and live photographs of the rare subterranean blind cave eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) from north-western Australia. Ichthyological Research 66: 160-165

Moore, G.I., Humphreys, W.F. & Foster, R. 2018. New populations of the rare subterranean blind cave eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) reveal recent historical connections throughout north-western Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 69: 1517-1524

Romero, A. & Paulson, K.M. 2001. It's a wonderful hypogean life: a guide to the troglomorphic fishes of the world. Environmental Biology of Fishes 62: 13-41

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [36] (327)

Whitley, G.P. 1965. Illustrations and records of fishes. The Australian Zoologist 13(2): 103-120 figs 1-13


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
20-May-2011 27-Aug-2022 MODIFIED
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED