Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37285003

Species Ophisternon candidum (Mees, 1962)

Blind Cave Eel

Compiler and date details

20 April 2011 - Dianne J. Bray, Douglass F. Hoese & Jennifer E. Gates




Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Restricted to subterranean fresh water of north-western WA; tropical.

Australian Endemic.

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


WA: Carnarvon (CAR)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Western Australia: NW coastal

Ecological Descriptors

Cave dweller, freshwater, underground water.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1982. Inland Fishes of Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 86 pp. 6 figs 20 pls. [42]

Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 240 pp., 63 pls. [118]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [175]

Humphreys, W.F 1999. The distribution of Australian cave fishes. Records of the Western Australian Museum 19: 469-472

Humphreys, W.F. & Feinberg, M.N. 1995. Food of the blind cave fishes of northwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 17: 29-33

Ivantsoff, W., Unmack, P., Saeed, B. & Crowley, L.E.L.M. 1991. A redfinned blue-eye, a new species and genus of the family Pseudomugilidae from central western Queensland. Fishes of Sahul, Journal of the Australian New Guinea Fishes Association 6(4): 277-281

Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs. [178]

Moore, G.I. 2018. New morphological data and live photographs of the rare subterranean blind cave eel Ophisternon candidum (Synbranchidae) from north-western Australia. Ichthyological Research 66: 160-165

Romero, A. & Paulson, K.M. 2001. It's a wonderful hypogean life: a guide to the troglomorphic fishes of the world. Environmental Biology of Fishes 62: 13-41

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [36] (327)

Whitley, G.P. 1965. Illustrations and records of fishes. The Australian Zoologist 13(2): 103-120 figs 1-13


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
20-May-2011 18-Nov-2020 MODIFIED
27-Jul-2010 MODIFIED