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Order MYSIDA Boas, 1883


Members of the Mysida are shrimp-like crustaceans related to the Lophogastrida. They have more varied life-styles than lophogastridans and are usually less than 80 mm in length. About 1000 species are known throughout the world's oceans. They have been catalogued by Müller (1993). Previously a suborder of Mysidacea, it has been elevated to Order.

Synopsis of Australian Mysida Taxonomy

Mysids, previosuly Mysidaceans (commonly known as opossum shrimps), range in size from about 2 mm to 800 mm. They are usually pelagic or demersal, but some intertidal species are sand burrowers. Mysids are mainly omnivorous suspension-feeders, but some species are predators on zooplankton, and some are scavengers. There are no parasitic forms. Mysids may be found in large swarms and are important as food for fish. There are more than 1025 described species of mysids in about 163 genera (Meland 2002). The latest world catalogues for this group are those of Müller (1993) and Price et al. (2001). Meland (2002) provides an interactive key to world families, subfamilies and tribes.

The first recorded Australian mysids were three new species from Port Phillip Bay described by Sars (1885). The next report (Zimmer 1918) was a species of Anisomysis also from Port Phillip Bay. The Danish worker, H.J. Hansen (1910, 1912) described 23 species mainly from Indonesian waters, which were later reported, mainly by Tattersall (1936), from the Great Barrier Reef. The British worker, W.M. Tattersall contributed more than any other worker to understanding the Australian mysid fauna. He described 26 species of mysids and recorded many more species in a series of papers published between 1912 and 1951. For nearly 30 years after his death little was published on Australian mysids. Between 1979 and 1986 the Romanian worker M. Bacescu published two papers (Bacescu 1979, 1986) and a further two papers jointly with A.J. Bruce and A. Udrescu (Bacescu & Bruce 1980; Bacescu & Udrescu 1982) in which were described an additional 17 species from northern Australia. More recently the Japanese worker, M. Murano (1987, 1988, 1990, 1995, 1999), described 14 new species from northern Australia. Between 1982 and 1998 the Indian worker, S.U. Panampunnayil described 10 new species of mysids from southern and south-western Australia based on CSIRO collections.

Not many Australian workers have studied mysids. Hodge (1963) described a new mysid from the Brisbane River. Fenton (1985a, 1985b, 1990, 1991) described seven species from Tasmania and the Bass Strait. Her main contribution (Fenton 1985a) was the first and only comprehensive review of the Australian mysid fauna. Greenwood & Hadley (1982) redescribed Idiomysis inermis and reported the first females. Greenwood, Greenwood & Wooldridge (1991) described two new species of Haplostylus from sandy beaches in eastern Australia. Talbot (1997) described a new species of Doxomysis from the Great Barrier Reef. A review of the tribe Heteromysini was completed by Daneliya (2021) with two new species and re-arrangement of higher taxonomy.

Because there has never been a centre of focus on Australian mysid taxonomy, there are no significant type collections or comprehensively identified collections of Australian mysids. Type material for only 48 of the 142 species known from Australian waters is held in Australian museums, mainly the Northern Territory Museums and Art Galleries, Darwin and the Queensland Museum, Brisbane.

The mysid diagnostic descriptions are based on diagnoses generated from a DELTA (Dallwitz et al. 1993, 1998) database of mysid higher level taxa. Each diagnosis contains the complete set of diagnostic characters for each mysid higher level taxon. Characters in bold text refer to the unique combination of characters which will define each taxon against all others at that rank.


General References

Bacescu, M. 1979. A small contribution to the knowledge of the mysids from the north-eastern Great Barrier Reef of Australia. Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 20: 143-147

Bacescu, M. 1986. Two new species of Heteromysis from the coral reefs of northern Australia. Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 28: 19-24

Bacescu, M. & Bruce, A.J. 1980. New contributions to the knowledge of the representatives of the genus Heteromysis s.l. from the Australian coral reefs. Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 21: 63-72

Bacescu, M. & Udrescu, A. 1982. New contribution to the knowledge of the Mysidacea from Australia. Travaux du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle "Grigore Antipa" 24: 79-96

Dakin, W.J. & Colefax, A.N. 1940. The plankton of the Australian coastal waters off New South Wales. Part I. Publications of the University of Sydney, Department of Zoology. Monograph 1: 1-215

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. & Zurcher, E.J. 1993. (onwards). User's Guide to the DELTA System: a General System for Processing Taxonomic Descriptions. 4th edition.

Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. & Zurcher, E.J. 1998. Interactive keys. pp. 201-212 in Bridge, P., Jeffries, P., Morse, D.R. & Scott, P.R. (eds). Information Technology, Plant Pathology and Biodiversity. Wallingford : CAB International.

Dana, J.D. 1852. Crustacea, Part 1. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, under the command of Charles Wilkes, U. S. N. 13(1): 1-685

Daneliya, M.E. 2021. On the Mysid Crustacean Genus Heteromysis (Mysidae: Heteromysinae) of the Tasman Sea, with Notes on the Tribe Heteromysini. Records of the Australian Museum 73(1): 1–50

Dohrn, A. 1870. Untersuchungen über Bau und Entwicklung der Arthropoden. 10. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Malacostraken und ihrer Larven. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 20: 607-625 3 pls

Fenton, G.E. 1985. Tasmanomysis oculata n.g. n.sp. from Tasmanian waters (Crustacea: Mysidacea: Mysini). Hydrobiologia 124: 123-127

Fenton, G.E. 1985. Ecology and Taxonomy of Mysids (Mysidacea: Crustacea). PhD thesis, University of Tasmania, Hobart. 366 pp.

Fenton, G.E. 1990. Mysidella australiana sp. nov. from Bass Strait, Australia (Crustacea: Mysidae: Mysidellinae). Memoirs of Museum Victoria 50(2): 437-441

Fenton, G.E. 1991. Description of Antichthomysis notidana n.g. n.sp. from southern Tasmania (Crustacea: Mysidacea: Leptomysini). Hydrobiologia 224(2): 71-75

Greenwood, J.G., Greenwood, J. & Wooldridge, T.H. 1991. Descriptions of two estuarine species of Haplostylus (Crustacea, Mysidacea). Journal of Plankton Research 13(3): 513-528

Greenwood, J.G. & Hadley, D.J. 1982. A redescription of the mysid Idiomysis inermis Tattersall, 1922 (Mysidacea) to include the previously unknown female. Crustaceana 42: 174-193

Hansen, H.J. 1910. The Schizopoda of the Siboga Expedition. Siboga-Expéditie Report 37: 1-123 16 pls

Hansen, H.J. 1912. Reports on the scientific results of the expedition to the eastern tropical Pacific, in charge of Alexander Agassiz, by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer "Albatross" from October 1904, to March, 1905. Lieut.-Commander L.M. Garett U.S.N., commanding. 27. The Schizopoda. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University 35: 175-296 12 pls

Hodge, D. 1963. A new species of mysid (Mysidacea: Crustacea) from the Brisbane River. University of Queensland Papers, Department of Zoology 2: 83-88

Holt, E.W.L. & Tattersall, W.M. 1905. Schizopodous Crustacea from the North-East Atlantic slope. Annual Report of the Fisheries of Ireland 1902–1903(2): 99-152, pls 15-25

Ii, N. 1964. Fauna Japonica, Mysidae. Tokyo : Biogeographical Society of Japan x 610 pp.

Illig, G. 1906. Bericht über die neuen Schizopodengattungen und -arten der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition 1898–1899. Zoologischer Anzeiger 30: 194-211

Illig, G. 1908. Ein weiterer Bericht über die Mysideen der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition 1898–1899. Zoologischer Anzeiger 32: 550-551

Krøyer, H.N. 1861. Et bidrag til Kundskab om Krebsdyrfamilien Mysidae. Naturhistorisk Tidsskrift. Kjøbenhavn 3 1: 1-75

Martin, J.W. & Davis, G.E. 2001. An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Science Series 39: 1-124

Mauchline, J. 1980. The biology of mysids. Advances in Marine Biology 18: 3-369

Meland, K. 2002. Mysidacea: Families, subfamilies, tribes and subtribes.

Müller H.-G. 1993. World Catalogue and Bibliography of the Recent Mysidacea. Laboratory for Tropical Ecosystems Research and Information Service, Wetzlar. 491 pp.

Murano, M. 1987. A new species of the genus Anisomysis from the Great Barrier Reef (Mysidacea). Crustaceana 52(1): 47-52

Murano, M. 1988. Heteromysids (Crustacea; Mysidacea) from northern Australia with descriptions of six new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 5(1): 27-50

Murano, M. 1990. Three new leptomysids (Mysidacea) from northern Australia. Crustaceana 59(3): 231-244

Murano, M. 1995. Two new species of the genus Anisomysis (Crustacea: Mysidacea) from northern Australia. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory 12: 145-150

Murano, M. 1999. A new genus, Neodoxomysis (Crustacea: Mysidacea: Mysidae: Leptomysini), with description of two new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 112(2): 352-361

Nakazawa, K. 1910. Notes of Japanese Schizopoda. Annotationes Zoologicae Japonenses 7: 247-261 1 pl.

O'Brien, D.P. 1986. A new species of Mysidetes (Mysidacea, Leptomysini) from a marine cave in Waterfall Bay, Tasmania. Crustaceana 51(3): 254-258

Panampunnayil, S.U. 1982. Description of a new species of Petalophthalmus (Mysidacea) with a revised definition of the genus. Journal of Plankton Research 4: 643-650

Panampunnayil, S.U. 1984. Two new species belonging to the genus Anisomysis (Crustacea, Mysidacea) and a record of Anisomysis bipartoculata from the Indian Ocean. Journal of Plankton Research 6: 943-952

Panampunnayil, S.U. 1986. New mysids from the South Australian coastal waters: Paranchialina secunda sp. nov.; Leptomysis longisquama sp. nov. and Doxomysis johnsoni sp. nov. Journal of Plankton Research 8: 1183-1195

Panampunnayil, S.U. 1987. Rostromysis bacescuii gen. et sp. nov. and Megalopsis denticauda gen. et sp. nov. (Crustacea-Mysidacea) from the south-west coast of Australia. Journal of Plankton Research 9: 579-587

Panampunnayil, S.U. 1989. A new species of Gastrosaccus (Crustacea: Mysidacea) from the south west coast of Australia. Journal of Plankton Research 11(6): 1307-1314

Panampunnayil, S.U. 1992. Rhopalophthalmus constrictus sp. nov. and Australomysis reubeni sp. nov. (Crustacea-Mysidacea) from south-west Australian waters. Journal of Plankton Research 14(4): 545-554

Panampunnayil, S.U. 1999. Two new species of Mysidacea (Crustacea), Anchialina lobatus and Gastrosaccus sarae, from south west Australia. Journal of Plankton Research 21(4): 685-698

Pillai, N.K. 1963. On a new mysid from the inshore waters of the Kerala coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 5: 258-262

Pillai, N.K. 1964. Report on the Mysidacea in the collection of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Mandapam Camp, South India. Part I. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 6: 1-41

Pillai, N.K. 1973. Mysidacea of the Indian Ocean. I.O.B.C. Handbook 4: 1-125

Price, W., Anderson, G. & Heard, R. 2001. Mysida homepage.

Sars, G.O. 1883. Preliminary notices on the Schizopoda of H.M.S. Challenger Expedition. Bulletin of the Mauritius Institute 7: 1-43

Sars, G.O. 1885. Report on the Schizopoda collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger 1873–1876, Zoology 13(37): 1-228 pls 1-38

Talbot, M.S. 1997. Doxomysis acanthina, a new leptomysid (Crustacea: Mysidacea) from the northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia, with extensions to the known distributions of D. australiensis W.M. Tattersall, 1940 and D. spinata Murano, 1990, and a key to the genus Doxomysis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 110(3): 426-438

Tattersall, W.M. 1912. On the Mysidacea and Euphausiacea collected in the Indian Ocean during 1905. Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the leadership of Mr J. Stanley Gardiner, M.A. Vol. 4 Pt 1 No. 9. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 2 15: 119-136 2 pls

Tattersall, W.M. 1922. Indian Mysidacea. Records of the Indian Museum 24: 445-504

Tattersall, W.M. 1927. Australian opossum shrimps (Mysidacea). Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) 3: 235-257

Tattersall, W.M. 1928. Further records of Australian opossum shrimps (Mysidacea). Records of the South Australian Museum (Adelaide) 4: 105-110

Tattersall, W.M. 1936. Mysidacea and Euphausiacea. Scientific Reports of the Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-1929 5: 143-176

Tattersall, W.M. 1940. Report on a small collection of Mysidacea from the coastal waters of New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum 20: 327-340

Tattersall, W.M. 1951. A review of the Mysidacea of the United States National Museum. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 201: 1-292

Tchindonova, J.G. 1981. New data on the systematic position of some deep-sea mysids (Mysidacea, Crustacea) and their distribution in the world ocean. pp. 24-33 in Vinogradova, N.G. (ed.). Biology of the Pacific Ocean Depths. Vladivostok : Acad. Sci. USSR. [in Russian]

Zimmer, C. 1918. Neue und wenig bekannte Mysidaceen des Berliner Zoologischen Museums. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 9: 13-26


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
05-Aug-2022 PERACARIDA Calman, 1904 23-May-2022 MODIFIED Lauren Timms (NMV) Dr Genefor Walker-Smith (NMV)
17-May-2022 ADDED