Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory




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CAAB: 37265000


Dwarf Dory, Scaly Dories, Tinselfishes

Compiler and date details

8 July 2011 - Dianne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates & Douglass F. Hoese

2006 - John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates, Dianne J. Bray & Douglass F. Hoese


The Grammicolepididae comprise three species in three genera, and all are known from Australia.

Grammicolepidids are benthic in continental slope waters from the tropical and temperate regions of the Atlantic, Indian and west-central Pacific Oceans. Species of Grammicolepis and Xenolepidichthys are extremely compressed, deep-bodied silvery fishes with unique, vertically elongate scales and a small, almost vertical mouth; maximum size is 33 cm. Juveniles have large thorny lateral protuberances in some body scales. Macrurocyttus has a large head, extremely large eyes, a large serrated spine in the pelvic fins, no scales, and a maximum length of about 10 cm.

Heemstra (1999) treated some species and diagnosed the Grammicolepididae and Macrurocyttidae as separate families. Tyler et al. (2003) included Macrurocyttus with the grammicolepidids.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-May-2013 06-May-2013 MODIFIED
20-May-2011 20-May-2011 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)