Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

Serranidae: Epinephelinae: Epinephelini

Serranidae: Epinephelinae: Epinephelini


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Tribe Epinephelini


Compiler and date details

23 January 2018 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, Matthew M. Lockett & Jennifer E. Gates

10 March 2012 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray & Jennifer E. Gates


Members of the tribe Epinephelini are found worldwide in tropical and warm temperate regions. Most species occur on coral reefs, but many species are found on the continental shelf. The tribe includes about 160 species in 15 genera. Currently, 76 species in 10 genera are known from Australia. Some workers (e.g. Heemstra & Randall 1993) treat the tribe, as recognised here, as a distinct subfamily. Relationships of the tribe are discussed by Craig & Hastings (2007). Based on molecular work they proposed a very different generic classification. However Craig et al. (2011) returned to much of the earlier classification because the groupings were not morphologically definable. They did, however, retain Hyporthodus as a genus distinct from Epinephelus. That genus is recognised here. However, they also regarded Anyperodon and Chromileptes as junior synonyms of Epinephelus and moved some species of Epinephelus to Mycteroperca and placed other monotypic genera as synonyms of larger genera. We do not follow those changes here because of limited morphological support. Maximum size of adults varies from 10 cm to 3 m.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
30-Sep-2019 SERRANIDAE 23-Jan-2019 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese Dr Matthew Lockett
03-Dec-2012 03-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)