Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37165003

Species Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758

European Carp, Asian Carp, Blubber Lips, Calico Carp, Carp, Chinese Carp, Common Carp, Edible Carp, Euro, European Carp, German Carp, Great Carp, Koi Carp, Leather Carp, Mirror Carp, Mud Sucker, Nishiki-koi

Compiler and date details

28 May 2012 - Dianne J. Bray

2006 - Gerald R. Allen, Norbert J. Cross & Douglass F. Hoese



Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Southern half of Australia below 700 m, from approximately Brisbane, QLD (27º28´S) to Perth, WA (32º00´S), including the Murray-Darling system, many coastal river systems of NSW and Victoria, Lake Sorell, TAS; temperate, native to Europe and Asia, but introduced worldwide.

Introduced from Europe and Singapore.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


ACT, NSW, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic, WA: Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • New South Wales: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Queensland: Murray-Darling basin, NE coastal
    • South Australia: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Tasmania
    • Victoria: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Western Australia: SW coastal

Ecological Descriptors

Detritivore, freshwater.


General References

Allen, G.R., Cross, N.J. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Cyprinidae. pp. 345-347 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [346]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [361]

Arthington, A. & McKenzie, F. 1997. Review of Impacts of Displaced/Introduced Fauna Associated with Inland Waters. State of the Environment Technical Paper Series (Inland Waters). Department of the Environment : Canberra. 69 pp. [12]

Arthington, A.H. 1989. Impacts of introduced and translocated freshwater fishes in Australia. pp. 7-20 in De Silva, S.S. (ed.). Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia: Proceedings of the workshop on introduction of exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Manila, Philippines : Asian Fisheries Society Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3. 154 pp. [7]

Ayres, R. & Clunie, P. 2010. Management of freshwater fish incursions: a review. PestSmart Toolkit publication, Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre, Canberra, Australia. pp. 152

Bell, K. 2003. A review of the commercial use of carp. In, Lapidge, K.L. Proceedings of the National Carp Control Workshop, March 2003, Canberra. Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra. pp.

Brown, P., Sivakumaran, K.P., Stoessel, D., Giles, A. 2005. Population biology of carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in the mid-Murray River and Barmah Forest Wetlands, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 56: 1151-1164

Brumley, A.R. 1996. Family Cyprinidae carps, minnows, etc. pp. 99-106 in McDowall, R.M. (ed.). Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp.

Clements, J. 1988. Salmon at the Antipodes: A history and review of the trout, salmon and char and introduced coarse fish in Australasia. Ballarat : John Clements pp.

Corfield, J., Diggles, B., Jubb, C., McDowall, R.M., Moore, A., Richards, A. & Rowe, D.K. 2008. Review of the impacts of introduced ornamental fish species that have established wild populations in Australia. Prepared for the Australian Government Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 277 pp.

Diggle, J., Day, J. & Bax, N. 2004. Eradicating European carp from Tasmania and implications for national European carp eradication. Inland Fisheries Service, Hobart.

Gilligan, D. & Rayner, T. 2007. The distribution, spread, ecological impacts, and potential control of carp in the upper Murray River. Fisheries Research Report Series 14. NSW Department of Primary Industries, Sydney. pp. 25

Graham, K.J., Lowry, M.B., & Walford, T.R. 2005. Carp in NSW: Assessment of Distribution, Fishery and Fishing Methods. Fisheries Final Report Series No. 72, NSW Department of Primary Industries, Cronulla.

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [799]

Hammer, M.P. & Walker, K.F. 2004. A catalogue of South Australian freshwater fishes, including new records, range extensions and translocations. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 128(2): 85-97 [91]

Haynes, G.D. 2009. Population genetics of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in the Murray-Darling Basin. Ph.D thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney. pp. 186

Haynes, G.D., Gilligan, D.M., Grewe, P., Moran, C. & Nicholas, F.W. 2010. Population genetics of invasive common carp Cyprinus carpio L. in coastal drainages in eastern Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 77(5): 1150–1157

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp. [214]

Koehn, J., Brumley, A. & Gehrke, P. 2000. Managing the impacts of Carp. Bureau of Rural Sciences (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia), Canberra.

Koehn, J.D. 2004. Carp (Cyprinus carpio) as a powerful invader in Australian waterways. Freshwater Biology 49(7): 882-894

Lintermans, M. 2009. Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin — An Introductory Guide. Canberra : Murray-Darling Basin Commission 157 pp. [MDBC Publication Number 10/07]

McCulloch, A.R. 1930. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5(1–4): 1-534 [54]

McDowall, R.M. (ed.) 1980. Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed 208 pp., figs, 32 pls. [86]

McKay, R.J. 1989. Exotic and translocated freshwater fishes in Australia. pp. 21-34 in De Silva, S.S. (ed.). Exotic aquatic organisms in Asia: Proceedings of the workshop on introduction of exotic aquatic organisms in Asia. Manila, Philippines : Asian Fisheries Society Asian Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. 3. 154 pp. [21]

McLeod, R. 2004. Counting the cost: Impact of invasive animals in Australia 2004. Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra. pp. 79

Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs. [333]

Morgan, D.L., Gill, H.S., Maddern, M.G. & Beatty, S.J. 2004. Distribution and impacts of introduced freshwater fishes in Western Australia. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 38: 511-523

Morison, A. & Humes, D. 1990. Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in Australia. pp. 110-113 in Pollard, D.A. Australian Society for Fish Biology Workshop: Introduced and translocated fishes and their ecological effects. Bureau of Rural Resources Proceedings No.8. Canberra, ACT : Australian Government Publishing Service pp. [110]

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. & Hanley, J.E. (eds) 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Pisces: Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service Vol. 7 665 pp. [216]

Shearer, K.D. & Mulley, J.C. 1978. The introduction and Distribution of Carp, Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, in Australia. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 29: 551-563

Smith, B 2005. The state of the art: a synopsis of information on common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Australia. Final Technical Report, SARDI Aquatic Sciences Publication No. RDO4/0064-2; SARDI Research Report Series No. 77, Adelaide.

Wager, R. & Unmack, P.J. 2000. Fishes of the Lake Eyre Catchment of Central Australia. Brisbane : Department of Primary Industries and Queensland Fisheries Service 88 pp. [66]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [35] (295)

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [77]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
07-May-2013 07-May-2013 MODIFIED
18-Jun-2012 MODIFIED