Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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Genus Craterocephalus McCulloch, 1912

Line Eye



Genetic studies have indicated a complex pattern of genetic variation with the genus. In some cases evidence suggests additional species and in other case there is an indication that some previously recognised species may not be valid. Further studies will undoubtedly change some names used here.




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

New Guinea.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


NSW: NSW North Coast (NNC), Sydney Basin (SB) ; NSW, NT, Qld, SA, Vic: Brigalow Belt South (BBS), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ) ; NSW, Qld, SA, Vic: Australian Alps (AA), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Nandewar (NAN), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Victorian Midlands (VM) ; NT, Qld: Arnhem Coast (ARC), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Central Arnhem (CA), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Gulf Fall and Uplands (GFU), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Wet Tropics (WT) ; NT, Qld, WA: Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Daly Basin (DAB), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Mount Isa Inlier (MII), Ord Victoria Plain (OVP), Pine Creek (PCK), Victoria Bonaparte (VB) ; NT, SA: Finke (FIN), MacDonnell Ranges (MAC), Stony Plains (STP) ; SA: Channel Country (CHC), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Gawler (GAW), Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields (SSD) ; WA: Carnarvon (CAR), Central Kimberley (CK), Dampierland (DL), Gascoyne (GAS), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Murchison (MUR), Northern Kimberley (NK), Pilbara (PIL), Yalgoo (YAL)


Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

General References

Adams, M., Wedderburn, S.D., Unmack, P.J., Hammer, M.P. & Johnson, J.B. 2011. Use of congeneric assessment to reveal the linked genetic histories of two threatened fishes in the Murray-Darling basin, Australia. Conservation Biology 25(4): 767-776

Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 240 pp., 63 pls.

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp.

Crowley, L.E.L.M. & Ivantsoff, W. 1992. Redefinition of the freshwater fish genus Craterocephalus (Teleostei: Atherinidae) of Australia and New Guinea with an analysis of three species. Ichthyological Explorations of Freshwater 3(3): 273-287

Ivantsoff, W. & Crowley, L.E.L.M. 1999. Atherinidae. pp. 2113-2139 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

McGlashan, D.J. & Hughes, J.M. 2000. Reconciling patterns of genetic variation with stream structure, earth history and biology in the Australian freshwater fish Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Atherinidae). Molecular Ecology 9: 1737-1751

McGlashan, D.J. & Hughes, J.M. 2001. Genetic evidence for historical continuity between populations of the Australian freshwater fish Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum (Atherinidae) east and west of the Great Dividing Range. Journal of Fish Biology 59(Suppl. A): 55-67

Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs.

Unmack, P.J. & Dowling, T.E. 2010. Biogeography of the genus Craterocephalus (Teleostei: Atherinidae) in Australia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 55(3): 968-984


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
21-Jul-2014 ATHERINIFORMES 21-Jul-2014 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
12-Feb-2010 (import)