Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

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CAAB: 37165001

Species Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Goldfish, Carp, Crucian Carp, Golden Carp, Native Carp, Prussian Carp

Compiler and date details

28 May 2012 - Dianne J. Bray

2006 - Gerald R. Allen, Norbert J. Cross & Douglass F. Hoese


Generic Combinations

  • Carassius auratus (Linnaeus, 1758).




Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Freshwaters of the Fitzroy, Dawson & Burnett river catchments, QLD, coastal and inland waters of southern QLD, NSW, VIC, lowland streams, ACT, Western Plateau & Coopers Creek Lake Eyre drainage, SA, and coastal drainages between Moore, Vasse & Blackwood Rivers, Canegrass Swamp & Bromus Dam, southwest, WA, widespread in farm dams, and occasionally in streams and lakes, TAS; temperate, native to China, but introduced worldwide

Introduced from eastern Asia.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


ACT, NSW, Qld, SA, Tas, Vic, WA: Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Ben Lomond (BEL), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Channel Country (CHC), Coolgardie (COO), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Gawler (GAW), Jarrah Forest (JF), Kanmantoo (KAN), King (KIN), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mulga Lands (ML), Nandewar (NAN), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tasmanian Central Highlands (TCH), Tasmanian Northern Midlands (TNM), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Warren (WAR)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • New South Wales: Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Queensland: Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin, NE coastal
    • South Australia: Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin, S Gulfs, SE coastal
    • Tasmania
    • Victoria: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Western Australia: SW coastal

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Freshwater, omnivore.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1982. Inland Fishes of Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 86 pp. 6 figs 20 pls. [27]

Allen, G.R., Cross, N.J. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Cyprinidae. pp. 345-347 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [346]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [360]

Arthington, A. & McKenzie, F. 1997. Review of Impacts of Displaced/Introduced Fauna Associated with Inland Waters. State of the Environment Technical Paper Series (Inland Waters). Department of the Environment : Canberra. 69 pp. [12]

Brumley, A.R. 1996. Family Cyprinidae carps, minnows, etc. pp. 99-106 in McDowall, R.M. (ed.). Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp.

Cadwallader, P.L. & Backhouse, G.N. 1983. A Guide to the Freshwater Fish of Victoria. Melbourne : F.D. Atkinson Government Printer 249 pp. figs. [161]

Clunie, P., Stuart, I., Jones, M., Schreiber, S., McKay, S., O'Connor, J., McLaren, D., Weiss, J., Gunasekera, L. & Roberts, J. 2002. A risk assessment of the impacts of pest species in the riverine environment in the Murray-Darling basin. Report produced for Murray-Darling Basin Commission, Strategic Investigations and Riverine Program, Project R2006. Department of Natural Resources and Enviroment, Victoria. pp. 250 [71]

Corfield, J., Diggles, B., Jubb, C., McDowall, R.M., Moore, A., Richards, A. & Rowe, D.K. 2008. Review of the impacts of introduced ornamental fish species that have established wild populations in Australia. Prepared for the Australian Government Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 277 pp.

Grant, E.M. 1975. Guide to Fishes. Brisbane : Queensland Government, Co-ordinator General’s Department 640 pp. [534] (as Carassius carassius)

Hutchins, J.B. 2001. Checklist of the fishes of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 63: 9-50 [21]

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp. [214]

Koehn, J., Brumley, A. & Gehrke, P. 2000. Managing the impacts of Carp. Bureau of Rural Sciences (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia), Canberra.

Lintermans, M. 2009. Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin — An Introductory Guide. Canberra : Murray-Darling Basin Commission 157 pp. [MDBC Publication Number 10/07]

McCulloch, A.R. 1930. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5(1–4): 1-534 [53]

McDowall, R.M. (ed.) 1980. Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed 208 pp., figs, 32 pls. [84]

McKay, R.J. 1984. Introductions of exotic fishes in Australia. pp. 177-199 in Courtnay, W.R. Jr & Staffer, J.R. Jr (eds). Distribution, Biology and Management of Exotic Fishes. Baltimore : John Hopkins University Press.

Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs. [331]

Mitchel, B.D. 1979. Aspects of growth and feeding in golden carp, Carassius auratus, from South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 103(6): 137-144

Morgan, D.L., Gill, H.S., Maddern, M.G. & Beatty, S.J. 2004. Distribution and impacts of introduced freshwater fishes in Western Australia. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 38: 511-523

Morgan, D.L. & Beatty, S.J. 2007. Feral Goldfish (Carassius auratus) in Western Australia: a case study from the Vasse River. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 90: 151-156

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. & Hanley, J.E. (eds) 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Pisces: Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service Vol. 7 665 pp. [216]

Wager, R. & Unmack, P.J. 2000. Fishes of the Lake Eyre Catchment of Central Australia. Brisbane : Department of Primary Industries and Queensland Fisheries Service 88 pp. [65]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [35] (289)

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [78]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
07-May-2013 20-Jul-2015 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)