Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

<I>Carangoides georgianus</I>

Carangoides georgianus

<I>Carangoides humerosus</I> holotype

Carangoides humerosus holotype

<I>Seriola lalandi</I>

Seriola lalandi


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37337000


Amberjacks, Jacks, Pilotfishes, Pompanos, Queenfishes, Runners, Scads, Trevallies

Compiler and date details

15 January 2012 - Douglass F. Hoese, Jennifer E. Gates & Matthew M. Lockett

December 2006 - Douglass F. Hoese & Jennifer E. Gates


Worldwide, the Carangidae include approximately 140 species in 32 genera (Nelson 2006). In Australian waters, 67 species in 22 genera have been recorded.

Carangids are mostly marine fishes found in tropical and temperate waters; some species enter brackish environments. Many species are valuable as food and game fish. They may attain a maximum length of 1.3 m.

Australian species of jacks and trevallies are treated in Smith-Vaniz (1984a) and Gunn (1990). Smith-Vaniz & Staiger (1973) revised Scomberoides and Berry & Cohen (1974) revised Trachurus. Williams & Venkataramani (1978) and Williams et al. (1980) treated some species of Carangoides. Most tropical species are treated in Smith-Vaniz (1999). Relationships are discussed in Smith-Vaniz (1984b), Kijima et al. (1986, 1988), Gushiken (1988) and Reed et al. (2002).

W. Smith-Vaniz and J. Gunn are gratefully acknowledged for their assistance in preparing this family account.


General References

Berry, F.H. & Cohen, L. 1974. Synopsis of the genus Trachurus (Pisces, Carangidae). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Science 35(4): 177-211 figs 1-4 [1972]

Gunn, J.S. 1990. A revision of selected genera of the family Carangidae (Pisces) from Australian waters. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 12: 1-77

Gushiken, S. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships of the perciform genera of the family Carangidae. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 34: 443-461

Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. 2006. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1148]

Kijima, A., Taniguchi, N. & Ochiai, A. 1986. Genetic relationships in the family Carangidae. pp. 840-848 in Uyeno, T., Arai, R., Taniuchi, T. & Matsuura, K. (eds). Indo-Pacific Fish Biology. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Indo-Pacific Fishes. Tokyo : Ichthyological Society of Japan 985 pp.

Kijima, A.N., Taniguchi, N. & Ochiai, A. 1988. Genetic divergence and relationship among fifteen species of genera Trachurus, Decapturus, Selar and Selaroides. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 35(2): 167-175

Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 601 pp.

Reed, D.L., Carpenter, K.E. & de Gravelle, M.J. 2002. Molecular systematics of the jacks (Perciformes: Carangidae) based on mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences using parsimony, likelihood and Bayesian approaches. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23: 413-524

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1984a. Carangidae pp. 1–12, 130 unnumbered pages, figs in Fischer, W. & Bianchi, G. (eds) FAO Species Identification Sheets for Fishery Purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). Rome : FAO Vol. 1.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1984b. Carangidae: relationships. pp. 522-530 in Moser, H.G. et al. (eds). Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Special Publication 1: 1-760

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. 1999. Family Carangidae. pp. 2659-2756 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Smith-Vaniz, W.F. & Staiger, J.C. 1973. Comparative revision of Scomberoides, Oligoplites, Parona, and Hypacanthus with comments on the phylogenetic position of Campogramma (Pisces : Carangidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 39(13): 185-256 figs 1-26

Williams, F., Heemstra, P.C. & Shameen, A. 1980. Notes on the Indo-Pacific carangid fishes of the genus Carangoides Bleeker. II. The Carangoides armatus group. Bulletin of Marine Science 30(1): 13-20 figs 1-3

Williams, F. & Venkataramani, V.K. 1978. Notes on Indo-Pacific carangid fishes of the genus Carangoides Bleeker. I. The Carangoides malabaricus group. Bulletin of Marine Science 28(3): 501-511 figs 1-5


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
13-Dec-2012 13-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)