Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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Compiler and date details

22 March 2018 - Douglass F. Hoese & Dianne J. Bray


As recognised here, this worldwide order includes five families of freshwater and marine species. The classification here follows Nelson (2006), based on Rosen & Parenti (1981), Parin & Astakhov (1982) and Collette et al. (1984). Lovejoy et al. (2004) investigated the evolution of jaws in beloniform fishes and recognised the family Zenarchopteridae, distinct from the Hemiramphidae. That classification was followed by Nelson et al. (2016). Parenti (2005) reviewed relationships within the order and Parenti (2008) updated the synapomorphies for the order.

With the exception of the Adrianichthyidae, which is found from Asia through Indonesia to Japan, but not Australia, beloniforms are streamlined, medium-sized pelagic fishes that feed near the surface on algae, zooplankton and small fishes.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
29-Mar-2018 BELONIFORMES 22-Mar-2018 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
12-Feb-2010 (import)