Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37311076

Species Maccullochella peelii (Mitchell, 1838)

Murray Cod, Cod, Goodoo, Green Fish, Ponde, Pondi

Miscellaneous Literature Names



The species is listed as Vulnerable under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. In Victoria the species is listed on the Threatened Species List under the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988. In 1996 it was listed as Critically Endangered by International Union for the Conservation of Nature.




New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria

Extra Distribution Information

Once found throughout the Murray-Darling system, the Murray Cod is now uncommon and more restricted to the lower Murray-Darling system to SA. Introductions to south-western WA were unsuccessful, as well as those into the Cooper Creek catchment in the Lake Eyre Basin. However, at least one population has established in a dam on the east coast, and here the Murray Cod hybridises with Maccullochella macquariensis; it also hybridizes in the Murray River. Temperate

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


NSW, Qld, SA, Vic: Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Kanmantoo (KAN), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Nandewar (NAN), New England Tablelands (NET), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Riverina (RIV), Victorian Midlands (VM)

Ecological Descriptors



General References

Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 240 pp., 63 pls. [139]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [197] (as Maccullochella peelii peelii)

Douglas, J.W., Gooley, J.G., Ingram, B.A., Murray, N.D. & Brown, L.D 1995. Natural hybridization between Murray cod, Maccullochella peelii peelii (Mitchell) and trout cod, Maccullochella macquariensis (Cuvier) (Percichthyidae) in the Murray River, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 46(4): 729–734

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [819] ((as Maccullochella macquariensis, in part; recognised only one species in genus)

Hammer, M.P. & Walker, K.F. 2004. A catalogue of South Australian freshwater fishes, including new records, range extensions and translocations. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 128(2): 85-97 [88]

Harris, J.H. & Rowland, S.J. 1996. Family Percichthyidae. pp. 150-163 in McDowall, R.M. (ed.). Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp. [158] (as Maccullochella peeli peeli)

Kailola, P.J., Williams, M.J., Stewart, P.C., Reichelt, R.E., McNee, A. & Grieve, C. 1993. Australian Fisheries Resources. Canberra : Bureau of Resource Sciences and the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation 422 pp. [266]

Kuiter, R.H. 2013. Pictorial Guide to Victoria's Freshwater Fishes. Seaford, Victoria : Aquatic Photographics 178 pp. [130]

Lake, J.S. 1978. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Melbourne : Thomas Nelson 160 pp. 140 figs. [49]

Lintermans, M. 2009. Fishes of the Murray-Darling Basin — An Introductory Guide. Canberra : Murray-Darling Basin Commission 157 pp. [MDBC Publication Number 10/07] [80] (as Maccullochella peeli peeli)

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 145–329 [152] (as Maccullochella macquariensis, in part; recognised only one species in genus)

McDowall, R.M. (ed.) 1980. Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed 208 pp., figs, 32 pls. [142] (in part, included Clarence River species)

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [156] (as Maccullochella macquariensis, in part; recognised only one species in genus)

Nock, C.J., Elphinstone, M.S., Rowland, S.J. & Baverstock, P.R. 2010. Phylogenetics and revised taxonomy of the Australian freshwater cod genus, Maccullochella (Percichthyidae). Marine and Freshwater Research 61: 980-991

Unmack, P.J. 2001. Biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography 28: 1053-1089 [1062]

Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & Ward, R.D. (eds) 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook. Hobart : CSIRO Marine Research 460 pp. [123]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
29-Mar-2018 PERCICHTHYIDAE 26-Oct-2021 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
21-Nov-2012 25-Oct-2013 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)