Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37381026

Species Liza tade (Forsskål, 1775)

Rock Mullet, Tade Mullet



Harrison and Senou (1999) do not record Liza tade from the region. Possibly they consider the Pacific form to be Liza planiceps, although they use the common name of tade mullet for this species. They suggested that Australian records might be based on misidentifications of other species. They also treat Liza tade (Forsskål, 1775) as a synonym of L. planiceps (Valenciennes 1836) but give no explanation why the more recent name should take precedence. They may have thought Liza tade (Forsskål, 1775) to be an uncertain or unavailable name, but we follow prevailing usage. Kottelat (2013) regarded Forsskål (1775) usage as vernacular, but with the name becoming available from Bloch & Schneider (1801). Whitley (1964) attributed authorship to Gmelin (1789). Larson et al. (2013) suggested that records of Liza tade were misidentifications of Liza ordensis, however, material has been identified as Liza tade from northern Australia by Ghasemzadeh.




Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

De Grey River, WA (20°20'S, 119°15´E) to Gladstone, QLD (23°51´S); tropical, Indo-west Pacific.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Estuary, inshore, mud bottom-marine, pelagic, silt bottom-marine.


General References

Dor, M. 1984. CLOFRES, Checklist of the Fishes of the Red Sea. Jerusalem : Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 437 pp. 2 figs. [191]

Gmelin, J.F. 1789. Amphibia, Pisces. In Linnaeus, C. Systema Naturae in quo naturae regna tria, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, systematice proponuntur. 13th edn Vol. 1(3). 1033-1516 pp. [1398]

Harrison, I.J. & Senou, H. 1999. Order Mugiliformes. pp. 2069-2790 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790. [2091] (as L. planiceps, possibly regarding L. tade as an Indian Ocean species)

Kailola, P.J. 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea : a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. 2. Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin. Research Section, Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Papua New GuineaNew Guinea 41: 195-418 [Dept. Fisheries and Mar. Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea]

Larson, H.K., Williams, R.S. & Hammer, M.P. 2013. An annotated checklist of the fishes of the Northern Territory, Australia. Zootaxa 3696(1): 1-293 [56] (as Liza ordensis, in part)

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part I. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 1–144 [116] (as Mugil tade)

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [105]

Thomson, J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the world. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 41(3): 457-562 fig. 1

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [40] (658, as Mugil tade and p. 39, 650, as Liza planiceps)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
13-Apr-2015 MUGILIFORMES 23-Jun-2016 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
12-Feb-2010 (import)