Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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CAAB: 37321034

Species Hephaestus tulliensis De Vis, 1884

Khaki Grunter, Khaki Bream, Tully Grunter


Miscellaneous Literature Names



Pusey et al. (2016) indicated data from nuclear genes suggested that H. tulliensis, H. fuliginosus and H. jenkensi belong to a single species, but data from mitocondrial genes suggested the species are distinct species.





Extra Distribution Information

In easterly flow drainages of north-eastern Australia, from the Daintree River (16º09'S) south to the Herbert River (18º38'S), QLD; tropical.

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Qld: Wet Tropics (WT)

Ecological Descriptors

Freshwater, omnivore.


General References

Allen, G.R., Cross, N. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Terapontidae. pp. 1331-1342 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1335]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [224]

Allen, G.R. & Pusey, B.J. 1999. Hephaestus tulliensis De Vis, a valid species of grunter (Terapontidae) from fresh waters of north-eastern Queensland, Australia. Aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology 3(4): 157-162 figs 1-2 [157]

Davis, A.M., Unmack, P.J., Pusey, B.J., Pearson, R.G. & Morgan, D.L. 2013. Ontogenetic development of intestinal length and relationships to diet in an Australasian fish family (Terapontidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology 13: 53, 16 pp.

Jamandre, B.W., Real, K. & Hughes, J. 2011. Characterisation of polymorphic microsatellite loci in Hephaestus fuliginosus and cross-amplification in closely related Hephaestus tulliensis. Conservation Genetics 3: 4 pp.

Pusey, B.J., Bentley, A., Burrow, D., Perna, C., Davis, A. & Hughes, J. 2016. Complex and contrasting evolutionary histories within the terapontid genus Hephaestus revealed by nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Marine and Freshwater Research 67(12): 1813–1825 (provided evidence of interbreeding with H. fuliginosus and suggested that the species might be a synonym of H. fuliginosus)

Pusey, B.J., Kennard, M.J. & Arthington, A.H. 2004. Freshwater Fishes of North-eastern Australia. Collingwood, Victoria : CSIRO Publishing 684 pp. [390]

Unmack, P.J. 2001. Biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography 28: 1053-1089 [1063]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
03-Sep-2018 TERAPONTIDAE 01-May-2018 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese Dr Matthew Lockett
05-Dec-2012 05-Dec-2012 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED