Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37327102

Species Glossamia aprion (Richardson, 1842)

Mouth Almighty, Blanchard's Perchelet [sic], Blanchard's Perchlet, Flabby, Gill's Cardinal-fish, Gill's Cardinalfish, Glossamia, Gobbleguts, Northern Mouthbreeder, Queensland Mouthbreeder, Queensland Mouthbrooder, Soldier Fish, Stinker


Generic Combinations



Mionorus ramsayi Fowler, 1908 is sometimes listed as a synonym of this species, but it is a synonym of Vincentia conspersa. The confusion appears to be related to the similar name Gulliveria ramsayi Macleay, 1881, which is a synonym of Glossamia aprion.




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Widespread throughout rivers, creeks and lagoons from Fitzroy River, WA (17º43´S) to Burnett River, QLD (25º06´S) and as far south as Brisbane and possibly to Clarence River NSW (29º24'S), two old records from near Sydney, outside current range of species; tropical, New Guinea.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


NSW, NT, Qld, WA: Arnhem Coast (ARC), Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Central Arnhem (CA), Central Kimberley (CK), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Daly Basin (DAB), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Dampierland (DL), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Gulf Fall and Uplands (GFU), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Mount Isa Inlier (MII), Northern Kimberley (NK), NSW North Coast (NNC), Ord Victoria Plain (OVP), Pine Creek (PCK), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Wet Tropics (WT)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Northern Territory: N Gulf, N coastal
    • Queensland: N Gulf, NE coastal
    • Western Australia: N coastal

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Freshwater, nocturnal.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1982. Inland Fishes of Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 86 pp. 6 figs 20 pls. [52]

Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Neptune, New Jersey : T.F.H. Publications 240 pp., 63 pls. [180]

Allen, G.R., Hortle, K.G. & Renyaan, S.J. 2000. Freshwater fishes of the Timika region, New Guinea. Timinka, Indonesia : P.T. Freeport Indonesia 175 pp. [105]

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [246]

Allen, G.R., Storey, A.W. & Yarrao, M. 2008. Freshwater Fishes of the Fly River Papua New Guinea. Tabubil, Papua New Guinea : Ok Tedi Mining 216 pp. [129]

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [827] (as G. aprion gilli)

Larson, H.K. & Martin, K.C. 1990. Freshwater Fishes of the Northern Territory. Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences Handbook Series Number 1. Darwin : Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences 102 pp. 73 figs. [55]

Mabuchi, K., Fraser, T.H., Song, H., Azuma, Y. & Nishida, M. 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2): 151–203 [198]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 145–329 [175] (and p. 173, as Apogonichthys roseobrunneus, p. 174, as Apogonicithys longicauda, p. 175 as Glossamia gilli)

Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs. [253]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [141] (886, as G. aprion aprion, 887, as G. aprion gilli and 888, as Kurandapogon blanchardi)

Pollard, D.A. 1996. Family Apogonidae. pp. 181-182 in McDowall, R.M. (ed.). Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp. [181]

Pusey, B.J., Kennard, M.J. & Arthington, A.H. 2004. Freshwater Fishes of North-eastern Australia. Collingwood, Victoria : CSIRO Publishing 684 pp. [409]

Roberts, T.R. 1978. An ichthyological survey of the Fly River in Papua New Guinea with descriptions of new species. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 281: 1-72 figs 1-39 [56]

Unmack, P.J. 2001. Biogeography of Australian freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography 28: 1053-1089 [1063]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [43] (976 and 928, as Kurandapogon blanchardi, 965, as Apogonichthys nebulosus, 967, as Apogonichthys longicauda, 977, as Glossamia gilli)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
09-Jan-2014 APOGONIDAE 23-Sep-2013 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
12-Dec-2012 25-Oct-2013 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2010 MODIFIED