Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37349004

Species Gerres oyena (Forsskål, 1775)

Blacktip Silverbiddy, Blacktip Silver Biddy, Common Silver Biddy, Darnley Island Silver-belly, Darnley Island Silverbelly, Longtail Silverbiddy, Oceanic Silver Biddy, Shining Silver-belly, Slender Silver Belly



Iwatsuki et al. (2007) treated Gerres kapas as a junior synonym of Gerres oyena, a decision followed here. However, Woodland (2001) recognised G. kapas as distinct from G. oyena and widespread in the western Pacific and Indian Ocean. Iwatsuki et al. (2007) based their synonymy on examination of non-type material (types are in poor condition) and they did not indicate which species Woodland (2001) recorded as G. kapas. Consequently literature records of Gerres kapas from Australia are not included here. Further studies of the Australian fauna are clearly needed.




Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

Swan River, WA (32°03'S) to Moreton Bay, QLD (27°03'S), also Rowley Shoals (17°30'S) and Ashmore Reef, Timor Sea (12°16'S); tropical, Indo-west-central Pacific.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Province (2), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Northwest Transition (3), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Other Regions

Territory of Ashmore & Cartier Islands

Distribution References

Ecological Descriptors

Coral reef, estuary, inshore, mangrove, sand bottom marine, silt bottom-marine, sublittoral.


General References

Allen, G.R. 1993. Fishes of Ashmore Reef and Cartier Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 44: 67-91

Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 292 pp. 106 pls. [138]

Allen, G.R. & Swainston, R. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A field guide for anglers and divers. Perth, WA : Western Australian Museum vi 201 pp., 70 pls. [88]

Dor, M. 1984. CLOFRES, Checklist of the Fishes of the Red Sea. Jerusalem : Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities 437 pp. 2 figs. [147]

Gloerfelt-Tarp, T. & Kailola, P.J. 1984. Trawled Fishes of Southern Indonesia and Northwest Australia. Jakarta : Dir. Gen. Fish. (Indonesia), German Tech. Coop., Aust. Dev. Ass. Bur. 406 pp. [195]

Grant, E.M. 1991. Fishes of Australia. Brisbane : EM Grant Pty Ltd 480 pp. [198] (as G. argyreus)

Iwatsuki, Y. Kimura, S. & Yoshino, T. 2007. A review of the Gerres subfasciatus complex from the Indo-West Pacific, with three new species (Perciformes: Gerreidae). Ichthyological Research 54: 168-185

Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. A comprehensive reference for divers and fishermen. Sydney, NSW, Australia : New Holland Publishers xvii, 434 pp. [166]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part II. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 145–329 [216] (215, as Gerres carinatus and as G. argyreus, p. 216 as G. australis and as G. splendens and p. 217 as Gerreomorpha rostrata)

Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & Steene, R. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Bathurst : Crawford House Press 557 pp. figs. [518]

Russell, B.C. 1983. Annotated checklist of the coral reef fishes in the Capricorn-Bunker group, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Special Publication Series 1: 1-184 figs 1-2 [60] (as G. carinatus)

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [45] (1160, as G. argyreus and 1162 as G. oblongus carinatus, 1164 as G. australis, 1165 as G. splendens and 1171 as Gerreomorpha rostrata)

Woodland, D.J. 2001. Gerreidae. pp. 2946-2960 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 5 2791-3379 pp. [2951] (as G. argyreus, regarding G. oyena as a separate species)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
18-Dec-2013 GERREIDAE 07-Jul-2016 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese
05-Dec-2012 01-Nov-2013 MODIFIED
09-Nov-2011 MODIFIED