Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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Compiler and date details

24 November 2015 - Dianne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates, Katie L. Smith, Douglass F. Hoese & Matthew M. Lockett

2013 - Dianne J. Bray, John R. Paxton, Jennifer E. Gates & Katie L. Smith


This order contains nine families of small to medium-sized, soft-bodied fishes (Cohen et al. 1990; Nelson 2006). Most are deepsea fishes found below 200 m and many are important commercially. Relationships are treated in Cohen (1989), Howes (1991) and Endo (2002). The classification of this group is in dispute and Nelson (2006) has summarised the various arguments. More recent molecular and morphological studies have also presented different views of relationships (Teletchea et al. 2006, Satoh et al. 2006, von der Heyden & Matthee 2008, Roa-Varón & Orti 2009, Wiley & Johnson 2010 and Grand et al.2014). Often those studies treated some of the families recognised here as subfamilies. The Gadidae as recognised here is sometimes divided into 4 subfamilies or families (Gadidae, Lotidae, Phycidae, Gaidropsaridae). Some workers treat the Macrouridae with four subfamilies (Bathygadinae, Macrouroidinae, Trachyrincinae, Macrourinae, see Eschmeyer & Fong 2015).


General References

Cohen, D.M., Inada, T., Iwamoto, T. & Scialabba, N. 1990. FAO Species Catalogue. Gadiform fishes of the world (order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125. Rome : FAO Vol. 10 442 pp.

Cohen, D.M. (ed.) 1989. Papers on the systematics of gadiform fishes. Science Series. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 32: 1-262

Endo, H. 2002. Phylogeny of the order Gadiformes (Teleostei: Paracanthopterygii). Memoirs of the Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University 49(2): 75-149

Eschemyer, W.N. & Fong, J.D. 2015 7 January 2015. Species by family/subfamily in the Catalog of Fishes.

Grand, A., Bagils, R.Z., Vélez, L.M. & Ung, V. 2014. A cladistic re-analysis of the Gadiformes (Teleostei, Paracanthopterygii) using three-item analysis. Zootaxa 3889(4): 525–552

Howes, G.J. 1991. Anatomy, phylogeny and taxonomy of the gadoid fish genus Macruronus Günther, 1873, with a revised hypothesis of gadoid phylogeny. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 57(1): 77-110

Nelson, J.S. 2006. Fishes of the World. Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 601 pp.

Roa-Varón, A. & Ortí, G. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships among families of Gadiformes (Teleostei, Paracanthopterygii) based on nuclear and mitochondrial data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 52: 688–704

Satoh, T.P., Miya, M. Endo, H. & Nishida, M. 2006. Round and pointed-head grenadier fishes (Actinopterygii: Gadiformes) represent a single sister group: Evidence from the complete mitochondrial genome sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40: 129–138

Teletchea, F., Laudet, V. & Hanni, C. 2006. Phylogeny of the Gadidae (sensu Svetovidov, 1948) based on their morphology and two mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38: 189–199

von der Heyden, S. & Matthee, C.A. 2008. Towards resolving familial relationships within the Gadiformes and the resurrection of the Lyconidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 764–769

Wiley, E.O. & Johnson, G.D. 2010. A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. pp. 123-182 in Nelson, J.S., Schultze, H.-P. & Wilson, M.V.H. Origin and Phylogenetic Interrelationships of Teleosts. München, Germany : Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil 480 pp.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
26-Nov-2015 GADIFORMES 24-Nov-2015 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
12-Feb-2010 (import)