Australian Biological Resources Study

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Deepsea Cardinalfishes, Deepwater Cardinalfishes

Compiler and date details

14 September 2015 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, Gerald R. Allen & Norbert J. Cross

17 January 2012 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, Gerald R. Allen & Norbert J. Cross

December 2006 - Douglass F. Hoese, Dianne J. Bray, Gerald R. Allen & Norbert J. Cross


Epigonids are found on the continental slope, oceanic areas and around seamounts worldwide. Gon (1999) reported five or six genera and about 30 species known. Subsequently over 10 additional species have been described in the genus Epigonus (Okamoto & Motomura 2013; Okamoto 2012). Three genera and 9 species are known from Australia, with an additional species from off Cocos (Keeling) Islands.

Johnson (1984) recognised five genera in the family, separating it from the Apogonidae. Mayer (1974) revised the genus Epigonus, recognising 12 species in the genus. Subsequently, Abramov (1992) provided a key to species of Epigonus, recognising 25 species. Parin et al. (2012) and Okamoto and collaborators have revised various groups of Epigonus.


General References

Abramov, A.A. 1992. Species composition and distribution of Epigonus (Epigonidae) in the world ocean. Journal of Ichthyology 32(5): 94-108 [original article in Russian in Voprosky Ikhtiologii 32(2): 17-31]

Gon, O. 1999. Family Epigonidae. pp. 2611-2613 in Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, T.H. (eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. Rome : FAO Vol. 4 pp. 2069-2790.

Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. 2006. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [1113]

Johnson, G.D. 1984. Percoidei: development and relationships. pp. 464-498 figs 254-264 in Moser, H.G. et al. (eds). Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Special Publication 1: 1-760

Mayer, G.F. 1974. A revision of the cardinalfish genus Epigonus (Perciformes, Apogonidae), with descriptions of two new species. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 146(3): 147-203 figs 1-22

Okamoto, M. 2012. Two new species of the genus Epigonus (Perciformes: Epigonidae) from the South Pacific, with a definition of the Epigonus constanciae group. Ichthyological Research 59: 242–254

Okamoto, M. & Motomura, H. 2013. Two new species of deepwater cardinalfish from the Indo-Pacific, with a definition of the Epigonus pandionis group (Perciformes: Epigonidae). Ichthyological Research 60(4): 301-311 [first published online with pagination 1-11]

Parin, N.V., Prokofiev, A.M. & Bussarawit, S. 2012. Two new species of the genus Epigonus (Perciformes: Epigonidae) from the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Journal of Ichthyology 52(3): 239-243 [in Voprosy Ikhtiologii 52 (2):248-252 in Russian]

Whitley, G.P. 1940. Illustrations of some Australian fishes. The Australian Zoologist 9(4): 397-428 figs 1-45 pls 30-31


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Sep-2015 EPIGONIDAE 09-Sep-2015 MODIFIED Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
15-Nov-2012 15-Nov-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)