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Compiler and date details

14 December 2016 - Dianne J Bray & Douglass F. Hoese

20 April 2011 - Dianne J Bray & Douglass F. Hoese


The order Aulopiformes as presented here follows the classification of Baldwin & Johnson (1996) and Sato & Nakabo (2002) based on morphological characters. Nelson (2006) recognised four extant suborders with 13 families, and one fossil suborder, whereas Eschmeyer (2011) recognises 17 families with 326 species. Johnson et al. (1996) erected the suborder Synodontoidei. Hartel & Stiassny (1986) reviewed relationships within the order. Baldwin & Johnson (1996) also discussed relationships within the group and providing information which differed from previous classifications. The classification of Baldwin & Johnson (1996) recognised Bathysauridae as distinct and related to Giganturidae, and placed Anotopterus within the Paralepedidae. Although Baldwin & Johnson (1996) retained four suborders, the arrangement of families differs considerably from earlier classifications. Sato & Nakabo (2002) erected Paraulopidae to include a group of species from Chlorophthalmidae and recognised Bathysauropsidae for Bathysauropsis and the Bathysauroididae for Bathysauroides. Nelson (2006) followed the classification of Baldwin & Johnson (1996), with the modifications proposed by Sato & Nakabo (2002) and recognised four suborders of extant fishes and two fossil suborders for the Aulopiformes. WIley & Johnson (2010) presented characters diagnosing the order based on the work of Johnson et al. (1996), Baldwin & Johnson (1996) and Sato & Nakabo (2002). Davis (2010) concluded that the Chlorophthalmoidei is paraphyletic. He presented a revised classification based on total evidence, and provided evidence supporting previously unrecognized clades, within some of the suborders. He recognised the suborder Aulopoidei (including the Aulopidae,and Synodontidae), the suborder Paraulopoidei (including only the family Paraulopidae) and the remaining families in the suborder Alepisauroidei. Within the latter suborder he moved some genera from the Papalepididae to the Alepisauridae and recognised the Sudidae as a distinct family. Tentatively we retain the classification of Wiley & Johnson (2010).

Aulopiforms range from benthic fishes inhabiting the continental shelf and slope, to pelagic, meso- and bathypelagic fishes. Many species are hermaphroditic.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
22-Dec-2016 AULOPIFORMES 14-Dec-2016 MODIFIED Dr Dianne Bray (NMV) Dr Doug Hoese (AM) Dr Matthew Lockett (AM)
12-Feb-2010 (import)