Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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Tribe Xanthorhoini Pierce, 1914


Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy



The fauna of the Xanthorhoini is rich and diverse in Australasia amd most likely contains both basally derived and more recently evolved elements, and a number of endemic taxa (Schmidt 2005). The following researchers have made important contributions to defining the tribe: Forbes 1948; McGuffin 1958; Herbulot 1961-62; Heitzman & Enns 1978; Hodges et al. 1983; Holloway 1986, 1997; Patočka 1995; McQuillan & Edwards 1996; Viidalepp 1996; and Leraut 1997. However the concept of the tribe remains relatively unresolved (Schmidt 2005).



Schmidt (2005) proposed the following synapomorphies from male genitalia for the tribe: 1) reduction in A7, 2) broad eversible coremata positioned dorso-laterally on A7, 3) absence of basal processes at costa valva, 4) presence of calcar or rudiments fused with juxta medially, 5) somewhat rod-shaped sclerites or derivates, or rudiments at juxta laterally. Also the presence of a median band forming a projection distally, and wavy bands in the forewing are characteristic, but are also found in some other larentiine tribes.


General References

Forbes, W.T.M. 1948. Lepidoptera of New York and neighbouring states Part II. Geometridae, Notontidae, Sphingidae, Lymantriidae. Memoirs of the Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station No. 274 [128-175]

Heitzman, R.L. & Enns, W.R. 1978. Annotated list and keys to the geometrid subfamily Larentiinae (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) of Missouri. Transactions of the Missouri Academy of Sciences 12: 47-63

Herbulot, C. 1961-1962. Mise à jour de la liste des Geometidae de France. Alexanor 2: 117-124, 147-154

Hodges, R.W., Dominick, T., Davis, D.R., Ferguson, D.C., Franclemont, J.G., Munroe, E.G & Powell, J.A. (eds) 1983. Check list of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico including Greenland. London : E.W. Classey Limited and R.B.D. Publications Inc. xxiv 284 pp.

Holloway, J.D. 1986. Origins of the Lepidoptera faunas in high mountains of the Indo-Australian tropics. pp. 533-556 in Vuilleumier, F. & Monasterio, M. High Altitude Tropical Biogeography. Oxford, UK : Oxford University Press.

Holloway, J.D. 1997. The moths of Borneo Part 10: Family Geometridae, subfamilies Sterrhinae and Larentiinae. Malayan Nature Journal 51: 1-242

Leraut, P. 1997. Liste systématique et synonymique des Lépidoptères de France, Belgique at Corse. Paris : Supplemént à Alexanor 526 pp.

McGuffin, W.C. 1958. Larvae of the Nearctic Larentiinae. The Canadian Entomologist Supplement 8: 5-104

McQuillan, P.B. & Edwards, E.D. 1996. Geometridae. pp. 200-228 in Nielsen, E.S., Edwards, E.D. & Rangsi, T.V. (eds). Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera. Collingwood : CSIRO Publishing Vol. 4 xiv 529 pp. & CD-ROM.

Patočka, J. 1995. Die Puppen der Spanner Mitteleuropas, Unterfamilie Larentiinae, Tribus Lythriini, Xanthorhoini, Larentiini and Cidariini. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift Iris 42: 139-174

Schmidt, O. 2005. Revision of Scotocyma Turner (Lepdidoptera: Geometridae: Larentiinae). Australian Journal of Entomology 44: 257-278

Schmidt, O. 2013. The structure and musculature of male terminalia in the tribe Xanthorhoini Pierce and related tribes (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Larentiinae), with particular reference to the Palaearctic and Australian regions. Zootaxa 3721(6): 552–572

Viidalepp, J. 1996. Checklist of the Geometridae (Lepidoptera) of the former U.S.S.R. Stenstrup, Denmark : Apollo Books.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
21-Feb-2022 GEOMETROIDEA 04-Dec-2021 MODIFIED Dr Cathy Byrne (TMAG) Di Moyle (TMAG)
21-Feb-2022 GEOMETRIDAE 25-Mar-2015 MODIFIED Dr Federica Turco (QM)
21-Feb-2022 28-Jun-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)