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CAAB: 37088002

Species Scleropages leichardti Günther, 1864

Southern Saratoga, Barramundi, Burramundi, Dawson River Salmon, Saratoga, Spotted Barramundi, Spotted Saratoga



The species was originally described as leichardti and undoubtedly named after the explorer Leichhardt. Berra (1898) argued that the original spelling should be emended to leichhardti and some followed that suggestion (Paxton et al. 1989; Allen et al. 2006). However, the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature states that a misspelling must be apparent from the original description. It is clear from information not included in the publication that the fish was collected by Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig Leichhardt. However, Günther indicated that the fish was collected by Dr Leichardt and used that spelling five times in the paper and used the same spelling subsequently (Günther 1868). A search of fish literature indicates that the spelling leichardti is far more common than leichhardti and consequently the subsequent spelling of leichhardti does not qualify to become the correct spelling under Article 33.3.1 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (2000).





Extra Distribution Information

Fitzroy River system, QLD (23º30´S), but has been transferred to other rivers of east QLD, including the Burdekin and as far south as the Mary River (25º40´S); tropical

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


Qld: Brigalow Belt South (BBS), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Queensland: NE coastal

Ecological Descriptors



General References

Allen, G.R., Cross, N.J. & Hoese, D.F. 2006. Family Osteoglossidae. pp. 217-218 in Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & Allen, G.R. Fishes. In, Beesley, P.L. & Wells, A. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 35. Volume 35 Australia : ABRS & CSIRO Publishing Parts 1-3, 2178 pp. [217] (as Scleropages leichhardti)

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [58]

Grant, E.M. 2002. Guide to Fishes. Redcliffe : EM Grant Pty Ltd 880 pp. [789]

Lake, J.S. 1978. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Melbourne : Thomas Nelson 160 pp. 140 figs.

Leggett, R. & Merrick, J.R. 1987. Australian Native Fishes for Aquariums. Artarmon : J.R. Merrick Publications 241 pp. 142 figs. [86]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part I. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 1–144 [36] (as Scleropages leichardti, in part but regarded S. jardini as a synonym and Scleropages guentheri)

Merrick, J.R. & Schmida, G.E. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management. Sydney : J.R. Merrick 409 pp. figs 280 col. figs. [70]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [28] (197, as Scleropages leichardti guntheri)

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. & Hanley, J.E. (eds) 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Pisces: Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra : Australian Government Publishing Service Vol. 7 665 pp. (as Scleropages leichhardti)

Pusey, B.J., Kennard, M.J. & Arthington, A.H. 2004. Freshwater Fishes of North-eastern Australia. Collingwood, Victoria : CSIRO Publishing 684 pp. [60]

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [34] (173, as Scleropages leichhardti)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Feb-2012 09-Feb-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)