Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758



Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

Note that conversion of the original AFD map of states, drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones to IBRA and IMCRA regions may have produced errors. The new maps will be reviewed and corrected as updates occur. The maps may not indicate the entire distribution. See further details below.
IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


ACT, NSW, NT, Qld, SA, Vic, WA: Australian Alps (AA), Arnhem Coast (ARC), Arnhem Plateau (ARP), Avon Wheatbelt (AW), Brigalow Belt North (BBN), Brigalow Belt South (BBS), Broken Hill Complex (BHC), Burt Plain (BRT), Central Arnhem (CA), Carnarvon (CAR), Channel Country (CHC), Central Kimberley (CK), Central Mackay Coast (CMC), Coolgardie (COO), Cobar Peneplain (CP), Central Ranges (CR), Cape York Peninsula (CYP), Daly Basin (DAB), Darwin Coastal (DAC), Desert Uplands (DEU), Dampierland (DL), Davenport Murchison Ranges (DMR), Darling Riverine Plains (DRP), Einasleigh Uplands (EIU), Esperance Plains (ESP), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Finke (FIN), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Gascoyne (GAS), Gawler (GAW), Gibson Desert (GD), Gulf Fall and Uplands (GFU), Geraldton Sandplains (GS), Great Sandy Desert (GSD), Gulf Coastal (GUC), Gulf Plains (GUP), Great Victoria Desert (GVD), Hampton (HAM), Jarrah Forest (JF), Kanmantoo (KAN), Little Sandy Desert (LSD), MacDonnell Ranges (MAC), Mallee (MAL), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Mitchell Grass Downs (MGD), Mount Isa Inlier (MII), Mulga Lands (ML), Murchison (MUR), Nandewar (NAN), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), New England Tablelands (NET), Northern Kimberley (NK), NSW North Coast (NNC), NSW South Western Slopes (NSS), Nullarbor (NUL), Ord Victoria Plain (OVP), Pine Creek (PCK), Pilbara (PIL), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), South Eastern Queensland (SEQ), Simpson Strzelecki Dunefields (SSD), Stony Plains (STP), Sturt Plateau (STU), Swan Coastal Plain (SWA), Tanami (TAN), Tiwi Cobourg (TIW), Victoria Bonaparte (VB), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP), Warren (WAR), Wet Tropics (WT), Yalgoo (YAL)

Other Regions

Lord Howe Island terrestrial & freshwater, Torres Strait Islands terrestrial, marine & freshwater

Original AFD Distribution Data

Afrotropical Region

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • Australian Capital Territory
    • Lord Howe Island
    • New South Wales: Bulloo River basin, Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Northern Territory: Lake Eyre basin, N Gulf, N coastal, W plateau
    • Queensland: Bulloo River basin, Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin, N Gulf, NE coastal
    • South Australia: Lake Eyre basin, Murray-Darling basin, S Gulfs, SE coastal, W plateau
    • Victoria: Murray-Darling basin, SE coastal
    • Western Australia: N coastal, NW coastal, SW coastal, W plateau
  • Indonesia
    • Aru Islands
    • Irian Jaya
    • Kei Islands
    • Maluku
  • New Caledonia
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Solomon Islands

Nearctic Region

Neotropical Region

Oriental Region

Palaearctic Region

Details of nominate subgenus, not present in Australia

Papilio (Papilio) Linnaeus, 1758

Papilio Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Edition X, reformata. Holmiae : Laurentii Salvii Vol. 1 10th Edn 824 pp. [458].
Type species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758 (Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Edition X, reformata. Holmiae : Laurentii Salvii Vol. 1 10th Edn 824 pp. [462] (note incorrect original spelling of Papilio machaon as Papilio mahaon)) by subsequent designation, see Latreille, P.A. (1810). Considerations générales sur l'Ordre Natural des Animaux composant les Classes des Crustacés, des Arachnides, et des Insectes. Paris : Schoell 444 pp. [440, 350] (this work is the subject of Opinions 11 and 136, ICZN, and is on the Official List of Works approved as available for Zoological Nomenclature).

Amaryssus Dalman, J.W. (1816). Försök till systematisk Uppställning af Sveriges Fjärilar. K. Sven. Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 37(1): 48–101 [60] [junior objective synonym of Papilio Linnaeus, 1758].
Type species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758 by original designation.

Aernauta Berge, K.F. (1842). Schmetterlingsbuch oder allgemeine und besondere Naturgeschichte der Schmetterlinge, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die europäischen Gattungen. Nebst einer vollständigen Anweisung, sie zu fangen, zu erziehen, zuzubereiten und aufzubewahren. Stuttgart : Hoffmann iv 142 pp., 8 pp. 48 pls [19, 106–109] [junior objective synonym of Papilio Linnaeus, 1758; incorrect original spelling as Aërnauta (Art. 32(d), ICZN 1985)].
Type species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758 by subsequent designation, see Hemming, F. (1934). Notes on nine genera of butterflies. Entomologist 67: 37–38 [38].

Heterocreon Kirby, W.F. (1904). Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge bestehend in Bekundingung einzelner Fliegmuster neuer oder rarer nichteuropäischer Gattungen von Jacob Hübner 1818–1825. (Tafeln 1–103) [und] Carl Geyer 1832–1837 (Tafeln 104–172) Augsburg 1818–1837. New English facsimile edition, edited by P. Wytsman. Introduction and systematic and alphabetical index by W.F. Kirby 3 pp. (additional notes p. 101) [10] [dated 1908–1912; junior objective synonym of Menelaides Hübner, [1819]].
Type species: Papilio polytes Linnaeus, 1758 by monotypy.

Extralimital distribution: Afrotropical Region, Australian Region, Nearctic Region, Neotropical Region, Oriental Region, Palaearctic Region. See: Hancock, D.L. (1983). Classification of the Papilionidae (Lepidoptera): a phylogenetic approach. Smithersia 2: 1–48 [40].
Generic references: Donitz, W. (1899). Sitzungsberichte des entomologischen Vereins in Berlin für das Jahr 1898. Berl. Entomol. Z. 44: (1)–(29) [22] (misspelling of Icarus Röber, 1898 as Iterus); Waterhouse, G.A. (1903). Catalogue of the Rhopalocera of Australia. Memoirs of the NSW Naturalists' Club No. 1. iii 49 pp. [37]; International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1954). Opinion 278. Addition to the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology of the names of the genera of the sub-order Rhopalocera of the Order Lepidoptera (Class Insecta) species of which were cited in the Tentamen, prepared by Jacob Hübner, which is believed to have been distributed to correspondents in 1806, a leaflet rejected in Opinion 97. Opin. Declar. Int. Comm. Zool. Nomencl. 6(10): 135–178 [138] (Papilio Linnaeus, 1758 with Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758 as type-species was placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as Name No. 703); Munroe, E.G. (1961). The classification of the Papilionidae (Lepidoptera). Can. Entomol. Suppl. 17: 1–51 [5]; Hemming, F. (1967). The generic names of the butterflies and their type-species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. (Suppl.)9: 1–509 [229] (incorrectly referred to Iterus Donitz, 1899 as a replacement name for Icarus Röber, 1898).


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
06-Sep-2017 PAPILIONOIDEA 20-Jul-2017 MODIFIED
05-Mar-2013 05-Mar-2013 MODIFIED
30-Mar-2012 30-Mar-2012 MODIFIED
28-Mar-2012 28-Mar-2012 MODIFIED
28-Mar-2012 05-Apr-2011 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)