Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory




Regional Maps


Compiler and date details

2006 - D.C.P. Rentz, added to the earlier database, the core of the extended list provided kindly by David Eades from the World List

2002 - D.C.F. Rentz, CSIRO Entomology, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, for Pyrgomorphidae and Acrididae


Orthoptera is used here in the restricted sense, that is, the cockroaches, mantids and stick insects are not included. Here we include the terrestrial insects known as the short-horned grasshoppers, pygmy grasshoppers, sand gropers, katydids (bush crickets), crickets, raspy crickets, locusts and the like. More than 20,000 species are known worldwide. We list 1482 species in 432 genera in this checklist.

These insects range in size from a few millimetres to about 11 cm. The greatest diversity of species is probably in the tropics, but considerable diversity occurs in the extensive eucalyptus scublands and heath habitats that are found over most of the continent.

Database Notes

The original partial Orthoptera checklist in the Australian Faunal Directory, including only Pyrgomorphidae and Acrididae, and prepared by David Rentz in 2000, is now updated to include all Australian species (February 2006). The core of the extended list was provided kindly by David Eades, taking data from the world list of Orthoptera - data provided originally by David Rentz, who then added details of types and bibliographic information. Rick Johnson edited the final copy.


General References

Chintauan-Marquiera, I.C., Legendre F., Hugel, S., Robillard, T., Grandcolas, P., Nel, A., Zuccon, D. & Desutter-Grandcolas, L. 2016. Laying the foundations of evolutionary and systematic studies in crickets (Insecta, Orthoptera): a multilocus phylogenetic analysis. Cladistics 32: 54–81

Flook, P.K., Klee, S. & Rowell, C.H.F. 1999. Combined molecular analysis of the Orthoptera (Arrthropoda, Insecta) and implications for their higher systematics. Systematic Biology 48: 233-253

Gorochov, A.V. 1988. 4. The classification and phylogeny of katydids (Gryllidae-Orthoptera, Tettgionioidea). pp. 145-190 in Ponomarenko, A.G. (ed.). The Cretaceous Biocoenotic Crisis and the Evolution of Insects. Moscow : Nauka.

Ingrisch, S. & Rentz, D.C.F. 2009. Chapter 187 - Orthoptera: Grasshoppers, Locusts, Katydids, Crickets. pp. 732–743 in Resh, V.H. & Cardé, R.T. (Eds.). Encyclopedia Of Insects (Second Edition). Elsevier 1168 pp.

Kevan, D. K. McE. 1982. Orthoptera. pp. 352-383 in Parker, S.P. (ed.). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. New York : McGraw-Hill Inc.

Naskrecki, P. & Otte, D. 1997. Orthoptera Species File Online. http//

Rentz, D.C.F. 1979. Comments on the classification of the orthopteran family Tettigoniidae, with a key to subfamilies and description of two new subfamilies. Australian Journal of Zoology 27: 991-1013

Rentz, D.C.F. 1985. A Monograph of the Tettigoniidae of Australia. Volume 1. The Tettigoniinae. With an Appendix by D.H. Colless. Melbourne & Leiden : CSIRO & Brill 384 pp.

Rentz, D.C.F. 1991. Chapter 24. Orthoptera. pp. 369-394 in CSIRO (ed.). The Insects of Australia. A textbook for students and research workers. Melbourne : Melbourne University Press Vol. 1 xiii 542 pp.

Rentz, D.C.F. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The Abundant Orthopteroid Insects of Australia. Sydney : University of New South Wales Press pp. 1-284.

Rentz, D.C.F. & Su, Y.N. 2003. Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Locusts, Katydids, Crickets). pp. 827-839 in Resh, V. & Cardé, R. (eds). Encyclopedia of Insects. San Diego, London : Academic Press.

Song, H., Amédégnato, C., Cigliano, M.M., Desutter‐Grandcolas, L., Heads, S.W., Huang, Y., Otte, D. & Whiting, M.F. 2015. 300 million years of diversification: elucidating the patterns of orthopteran evolution based on comprehensive taxon and gene sampling. Cladistics 31: 621-651


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
05-Mar-2019 MODIFIED