Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

External Links

CAAB: 37003002

Species Mordacia mordax (Richardson, 1846)

Shorthead Lamprey, Australian Lamprey, Murray Lamprey, Short-headed Lamprey


Generic Combinations




New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria

Extra Distribution Information

Coastal rivers and streams from Hawkesbury River, NSW (33º30´S) and one record from Richmond River (29°4'S , 153°21'E) to Kangaroo Island and Gawler SA (ca. 137º15´E) and some distance inland in the Murray and Murriubidgee rivers; temperate

Australian Endemic.

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)
drainage basins and coastal and oceanic zones (map not available)


NSW, SA, Tas, Vic: Australian Alps (AA), Ben Lomond (BEL), Eyre Yorke Block (EYB), Flinders Lofty Block (FLB), Flinders (FLI), Kanmantoo (KAN), Murray Darling Depression (MDD), Naracoorte Coastal Plain (NCP), NSW North Coast (NNC), Riverina (RIV), Sydney Basin (SB), South East Coastal Plain (SCP), South East Corner (SEC), South Eastern Highlands (SEH), Tasmanian Northern Slopes (TNS), Tasmanian South East (TSE), Tasmanian Southern Ranges (TSR), Victorian Midlands (VM), Victorian Volcanic Plain (VVP)


Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38)

Original AFD Distribution Data

Australian Region

  • Australia
    • New South Wales: Lower E coast, SE coastal
    • South Australia: S Gulfs, S Gulfs coast, SE coastal
    • Tasmania: Bass Strait, Tas. coast
    • Victoria: Bass Strait, SE coastal

Ecological Descriptors

Anadromous, estuary, freshwater, inshore.


General References

Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & Allen, M. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 394 pp. [52]

Cadwallader, P.L. & Backhouse, G.N. 1983. A Guide to the Freshwater Fish of Victoria. Melbourne : F.D. Atkinson Government Printer 249 pp. figs. [48]

Chilcott, S. J. & Humphries, P. 1996. Freshwater fish of northeast Tasmania with notes on the dwarf galaxias. Records of the Queen Victoria Museum, Launceston 103: 145-149 [145]

Glover, C.J.M. 1994. Families Petromyzontidae, Myxinidae, Hexanchidae, Heterodontidae. pp. 82-90 figs 17-26 in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. Adelaide : State Printer 992 pp. 810 figs. [83]

Gomon, M.F. 2008. Families Geotriidae and Mordaciidae. pp. 28-29 in Gomon, M.F., Bray, D.J. & Kuiter, R.H. (eds). Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Sydney : Reed New Holland 928 pp. [29]

Last, P.R., Scott, E.O.G. & Talbot, F.H. 1983. Fishes of Tasmania. Hobart : Tasmanian Fisheries Development Authority 563 pp. figs. [110]

McCulloch, A.R. 1929. A check-list of the fishes recorded from Australia. Part I. Memoirs of the Australian Museum 5: 1–144 [3]

McDowall, R.M. (ed.) 1980. Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : A.H. & A.W. Reed 208 pp., figs, 32 pls. [39]

McDowall, R.M. (ed.) 1996. Freshwater Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Sydney : Reed Books 247 pp. [33]

Munro, I.S.R. 1961. Handbook of Australian fishes. Nos 1–42. Australian Fisheries Newsletter 15–17, 19, 20: 1-172 [published as separates 1956–1961] [2] (3)

Neira, F.J., Bradley, J.S., Potter, I.C. & Hillard, R.W. 1988. Morphological variation among widely dispersed larval populations of anadromous southern hemisphere lampreys (Geotriidae and Mordaciidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 92: 383-408

Potter, I.C. 1968. Mordacia praecox, n. sp., a nonparasitic lamprey (Petromyzontidae), from New South Wales, Australia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 92(3): 254-261 figs 1-3 pl. 14 [254] (recorded from NSW)

Potter, I.C., Lanzing, W.J.R. & Strahan, R. 1968. Morphometric and meristic studies on populations of Australian lampreys of the genus Mordacia. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 47: 533-546

Potter, I.C. & Strahan, R. 1968. The taxonomy of lampreys Geotria and Mordacia and their distribution in Australia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 179(2): 229-240 figs 1-2

Raadik, T.A. 1992. Distribution of freshwater fishes in east Gippsland, Victoria, 1967–1991. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 104: 1-22 [6]

Scott, T.D., Glover, C.J.M. & Southcott, R.V. 1974. The Marine and Freshwater Fishes of South Australia. Adelaide : Government Printer 392 pp. figs. [17]

Strahan, R. 1960. A comparison of the ammocoete and macrophthalmia stages of Mordacia mordax and Geotria australis (Petromyzonidae). Pacific Science 14: 416-420

Whitley, G.P. 1940. The Fishes of Australia. Part 1. The sharks, rays, devil-fish, and other primitive fishes of Australia and New Zealand. Sydney : Roy. Zool. Soc. N.S.W. 280 pp. 303 figs. [257]

Whitley, G.P. 1956. Freshwater fishes of Australia. 2. — Lampreys. Aqualife 1(9): 9-12

Whitley, G.P. 1964. A survey of Australian Ichthyology. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 89(1): 11-127 [33] (9)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Nov-2011 15-Nov-2011 MOVED
12-Feb-2010 (import)