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CAVS: 2756

Species Microcephalophis gracilis (Shaw, 1802)

Slender Seasnake

 

Generic Combinations

  • Hydrophus gracilis (Shaw, 1802).
  • Microcephalophis gracilis (Shaw, 1802).

 

Introduction

"M. gracilis is mentioned by M.A. Smith (1926) as occurring in Australia based on one specimen at the Australian Museum in Sydney (AMR6719). Cogger (1975) regarded this specimen as of doubtful provenance, but mentioned another from the Gulf of Papua (MCR142375), indicating M. gracilis does occur in Australian waters. The specimens mentioned as M. gracilis at the Museum Victoria, Melbourne turned out to be H. elegans (examined by ARR). Ineich and Rasmussen (1997) could not confirm M. gracilis in New Caledonian waters as the specimens identified by Gail and Rageau (1958) turned out to be H. coggeri. We have found no evidence to include this species in the checklist, but based on the specimen from Gulf of Papua we include it in the possible list." (from Rasmussen et al. 2014).

 

Distribution

States

Queensland


Extra Distribution Information

Coral Sea.


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)

IMCRA

Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

Aquatic, continental shelf, inshore, nektonic, piscivore.

Extra Ecological Information

Perennially active, viviparous.

 

Notes

Non-Australian synonyms:

Thalassophis microcephala Schmidt, P. (1852). Beiträge zur ferneren kentniss der Meerschlangen. Abh. Geb. Naturw. Hamburg 2: 69-86 [78, pl. 2].
Type data: syntypes ZMH 396, ZMH 400 (see Smith, M.A. (1926). Monograph on the Sea Snakes. (Hydrophiidae). London : British Museum xvii 130 pp.).
Type locality: coast of Java, Indonesia, *** Type Locality Data Missing ***.

Hydrophis guntherii Murray, J.A. (1884). The Vertebrate Zoology of the Sind. London [396].
Type data: holotype BMNH 1946.1.17.38.
Type locality: Karachi, Pakistan.

Hydrophis rostralis Smith, M.A. (1917). Preliminary diagnoses of four new sea snakes. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 2: 340-342 [340].
Type data: holotype 'The Federated Malay States Museum, Kuala Lumpur 1102' (see Smith, M.A. (1926). Monograph on the Sea Snakes. (Hydrophiidae). London : British Museum xvii 130 pp.).
Type locality: Kuala Larut, Perak, Malaysia.

Taxonomic decision for synonymy: Smith, M.A. (1926). Monograph on the Sea Snakes. (Hydrophiidae). London : British Museum xvii 130 pp.

 

History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
01-Feb-2017 05-Jun-2012 MOVED
01-Feb-2017 05-Jun-2012 MODIFIED
08-Mar-2011 08-Mar-2011 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)