Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Violet Sea Snail, Large Violet Snail


Generic Combinations


Miscellaneous Literature Names




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information


IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Central Western Shelf Transition (28), Central Western Shelf Province (29), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Great Australian Bight Shelf Transition (32), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41)

Ecological Descriptors

In water column, marine, pelagic.


General References

Australian Museum 2011. Mollusca: loose leaf system. [Janthinidae]

Beechey, D. 2008. Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758). The seashells of New South Wales website. (date accessed 9/3/2012)

Bennett, I. 1966. Some pelagic molluscs and associated animals in south-eastern Australian waters. Journal of the Malacological Society of Australasia 1(9): 40-51 [40]

Cotton, B.C. 1959. South Australian Mollusca. Archaeogastropoda. Handbook of the Flora and Fauna of South Australia. Adelaide : South Australian Government Printer 449 pp. [376]

Dufo, M.H. 1840. Observations sur les Mollusques marins, terrestres et fluviatiles des iles Séchelles et des Amirantes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Paris 2 14, Zoologie: 45–80 (extrait), 166–221(suite) [196]

Graham, A. 1954. Some observations on the reproductive tract of Ianthina janthina (L.). Proceedings of the Malacological Society of London 31: 1-6 [1] (Reproductive tract)

Hinton, A. 1972. Shells of New Guinea and the central Indo-Pacific. Milton : Jacaranda Press xviii 94 pp. [4]

Kay, E.A. 1979. Hawaiian marine shells. Reef and shore fauna of Hawaii. Section 4 : Mollusca. Honolulu, Hawaii : Bishop Museum Press Bernice P. Bishop Museum Special Publication Vol. 64(4) 653 pp. [158, fig 55 B]

Macpherson, J.H. & Gabriel, C.J. 1962. Marine molluscs of Victoria. Melbourne : Melbourne University Press & National Museum of Victoria 475 pp. [118-9]

Malacolog Version 4.1.1 Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758). A database of Western Atlantic Marine Mollusca by the Academy of Natural Sciences. date accessed 14 March 2012. (date accessed 14 March 2012)

Melvill, J.C. & Standen, R. 1901. The Mollusca of the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, and the Arabian Sea, as evidenced mainly through the collections of Mr. F.W. Townsend, 1893-1900; with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901(ii): 327-460 pls xxi-xxiv [353]

Rippingale, O.H. & McMichael, D.F. 1961. Queensland and Great Barrier Reef shells. Brisbane : Jacaranda Press 210 pp. [51]

Satyamurti, S.T. 1952. Mollusca of Krusadai Is. I. Amphineura and Gastropoda. Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum, Natural History ns 1(no. 2, pt 6): 267 pp., 34 pls [90-1]

Smith, E.A. 1903. Marine Mollusca. (pp. 589-630, pls. XXXV-XXXVI) in Gardiner, J.S. (ed.). The Fauna and Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes, being the account of work carried on and of the collections made by an expedition during the years 1899 and 1900. Cambridge : University Press Vol. II(Part II) pp. 589–698, pls. XXXV-XLVIII). [616]

Subba Rao, N.V. 2003. Indian Seashells (Part 1). Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper (192): 1-416 [220]

Tenison-Woods, J.E. 1879. Census; with brief descriptions of the marine shells of Tasmania and the adjacent islands. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 1877: 26-57 [Date published 14 Jun] [43]

Wells, F.E. & Bryce, C.W. 1986. Seashells of Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum 207 pp. [60]

Wilson, B. 1993. Australian Marine Shells. Prosobranch Gastropods. Kallaroo, Western Australia : Odyssey Publishing Vol. 1 408 pp. [281, pl. 44, figs 36a-b]


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
01-Jun-2021 LITTORINIMORPHA Golikov & Starobogatov, 1975 28-Mar-2019 MODIFIED
01-Jun-2021 EPITONIOIDEA 25-Nov-2015 MODIFIED Mr Des Beechey (AM) Ms Anouk Mututantri (AM) Lyn Randall
13-Feb-2012 MODIFIED