Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Superfamily COREOIDEA

Compiler and date details

June 2012 - Professor Gerry Cassis, Anna Namyatova, Nikolai Tatarnic and Celia Symonds, University of New South Wales, Sydney

15 February 2002


The Coreoidea is a superfamily of pentatomomorphan bugs comprising five families: Alydidae, Coreidae, Hyocephalidae, Rhopalidae and Stenocephalidae. The superfamily is represented in all major zoogeographic regions. The Alydidae, Coreidae and Rhopalidae are also cosmopolitan in distribution. The Hyocephalidae are an Australian endemic family and the Stenocephalidae are restricted to the Eastern Hemisphere. All of the coreoid families are present in Australia.

Reuter (1910) first established the Coreoidea as a superfamily of the Heteroptera. Tullgren (1918) included the coreoids in his 'Trichophora' (Heteroptera with patterned lateral abdominal trichobothria). Leston et al. (1954) placed the Coreoidea within the Pentatomomorpha but without indicating the included families.

The composition of the Coreoidea was in dispute in the 1960s. Schaefer (1964, 1981) proposed a restricted grouping of families (Alydidae, Coreidae, Rhopalidae and Stenocephalidae) and later included the Hyocephalidae in this arrangement. Štys (1967; also Štys & Kerzhner 1975) regarded the Coreoidea more broadly to include the aforementioned families, as well as families of the Lygaeoidea and Pyrrhocoroidea sensu Schaefer. He recognised a number of informal groups, including the 'malcid line' (Berytidae, Colobathristidae, Cymidae and Malcidae), 'largid line' (Largidae and Pyrrhocoridae), 'coreid line' (Alydidae, Coreidae, Hyocephalidae, Rhopalidae and Stenocephalidae), as well as the Lygaeidae. The differences in classification are in part explained by the alternative ranking of these taxa, as Štys' 'coreid line' is synonymous with Schaefer's Coreoidea. Most subsequent workers have upheld Schaefer's arrangement including the family composition of the superfamily (e.g. Carver et al. 1991; Schuh & Slater 1995; Henry 1997). This arrangement is followed in the Catalogue.

Henry (1997) proposed monophyly of the Coreoidea on the basis of elongate bucculae, the platelike ovipositor and loss of the Y sex chromosome. These features alone are not conclusive as only the Rhopalidae possess elongate bucculae and the Stenocephalidae and Hyocephalidae have a laciniate ovipositor. The position of the Stenocephalidae has been conjectural. Some authors considered them to hold an intermediary position between coreoids and lygaeoids (e.g. Scudder 1957; Lansbury 1965) or within the lygaeoids (e.g. Lewis & Scudder 1958). Schaefer (1981) aligned them with the Hyocephalidae, in a basal position within the Coreoidea. Henry (1997) differed from Schaefer (1964, 1981) in recognising the Rhopalidae as basal within the Coreoidea. There is, however, general agreement that the Coreidae + Alydidae and Stenocephalidae + Hyocephalidae are both well supported as sister-groups (Kumar 1965; Schaefer 1964, 1981; Henry 1997).


General References

Carver, M., Gross, G.F. & Woodward, T.E. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects, etc.) [with contributions by Cassis, G., Evans, J.W., Fletcher, M.J., Hill, L., Lansbury, I., Malipatil, M.B., Monteith, G.B., Moulds, M.S., Polhemus, J.T., Slater, J.A., Štys, P., Taylor, K.L., Weir, T.A. & Williams, D.J.]. pp. 429-509 in CSIRO (ed.). The Insects of Australia. A textbook for students and research workers. Melbourne : Melbourne University Press Vol. 1 xiii 542 pp.

Cassis, G. & Gross, G.F. 2002. Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Pentatomomorpha). in Houston, W.W.K. & Wells, A. Zoological Catalogue of Australia Vol. 27.3B. Melbourne : CSIRO Publishing, Australia. xiv 737 pp. [73]

Henry, T.J. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of family groups within the infraorder Pentatomomorpha (Hemiptera: Heteroptera), with emphasis on the Lygaeoidea. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 90(3): 275-301

Kumar, R. 1965. Aspects of the morphology of Coreoidea and their value in its higher classification. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 76: 27-91

Lansbury, I. 1965. A revision of the Stenocephalidae Dallas 1852 (Hemiptera-Heteroptera). Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 101: 52-92

Leston, D., Pendergrast, J.G. & Southwood, T.R.E. 1954. Classification of the terrestrial Heteroptera (Geocorisae). Nature (London) 174: 91-92

Lewis, K.R. & Scudder, G.G.E. 1958. The chromosomes of Dicranocephalus agilis (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Cytologia 23: 92-104

Reuter, O.M. 1910. Neue Beiträge zur Phylogenie und Systematik der Miriden nebst einleitenden Bemerkungen über die Phylogenie der Heteropteren-Familien. Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae 37(3): 1-167

Schaefer, C.W. 1964. The morphology and higher classification of the Coreoidea (Hemiptera-Heteroptera): Parts I and II. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 57: 670-684

Schaefer, C.W. 1981. The morphology and relationships of the Stenocephalidae and Hyocephalidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Coreoidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 74: 83-95

Schuh, R.T. & Slater, J.A. 1995. True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Classification and Natural History. Ithaca : Cornell University Press xii 336 pp.

Scudder, G.G.E. 1957. The systematic position of Dicranocephalus Hahn, 1826 and its allies (Hemiptera: Heteroptera). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London (A) 32(10–12): 147-158

Štys, P. 1967. Monograph of Malcinae, with reconsideration of morphology and phylogeny of related groups. (Heteroptera, Malcidae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 37: 351-516

Štys, P. & Kerzhner, I. 1975. The rank and nomenclature of higher taxa in recent Heteroptera. Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 72: 65-79

Tullgren, A. 1918. Zur Morphologie und Systematik der Hemipteren I. Entomologisk Tidskrift 1918: 113-133


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Aug-2012 15-Aug-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)