Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


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Species Argas persicus (Oken, 1818)


The situation regarding Argas persicus in Australia has been confused. Many authors have made tentative identifications of this species, and many identifications of other species seem to refer to A. persicus, for example A. americanus and A. reflexus. It seems likely that the so-called A. persicus in Australia is a combination of several closely related species. A. victoriensis Sweet may be one of these separate species, and some records of A. persicus may also refer to A. robertsi. The taxonomic difficulty surrounding these species has been pointed out by Fuller (1899) as well as many modern authors. Roberts (1970) suggested that A. persicus sensu stricto does not occur in Australia. More recently Petney et al. (2004) used molecular evidence to show that A. persicus sensu stricto does occur on poultry in southern Australia. The complexity of this situation is reflected in the extensive synonymy listed by Camicas et al. (1998). Barker & Walker (2014) reviewed the biology and morphology of this species in detail.


General References

Barker, S.C., Walker, A.R. & Campelo, D. 2014. A list of the 70 species of Australian ticks; diagnostic guides to and species accounts of Ixodes holocyclus (paralysis tick), Ixodes cornuatus (southern paralysis tick) and Rhipicephalus australis (Australian cattle tick); and consideration of the place of Australia in the evolution of ticks with comments on four controversial ideas. International Journal for Parasitology 44: 941-953. (as Argas (Persicargas) persicus)

Barker, S.C. & Walker, A.R. 2014. Ticks of Australia. The species that infest domestic animals and humans. Zootaxa 3816: 1-144. (as Argas persicus)

Camicas, J.-L., Hervy, J.-P., Adam, F. & Morel, P.C. 1998. Les Tiques du Monde (Acarida, Ixodida). Paris : Orstom 233 pp. (as Argas (Persicargas) persicus)

Ferguson, E.W. 1925. Australian ticks. The Australian Zoologist 4: 24-35 (as Argas persicus and Argas reflexus)

Fielding, J.W. 1926. Australasian ticks. Commonwealth of Australia Department of Health, Service Publication (Tropical Division) 9: 1-114 (as Argas persicus)

Froggatt, W.W. 1901. The Fowl Tick (Argas americanus, Packard). Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 12: 1349-1353 1 pl. (as Argas americanus)

Froggatt, W.W. 1906. Notes on Fowl-Tick and poultry. Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 17: 14-18 (as Argas americanus)

Fuller, C. 1896. Ticks. A fowl-infesting tick (Argas, sp.). Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales 7: 590-597 (as Argas sp.)

Fuller, C. 1899. Notes on the Queensland cattle tick, and its relationship to the Texas fever tick and the blue tick of Cape Colony (South Africa). Queensland Agricultural Journal 4: 389-394 (as Argas reflexus)

Hoogstraal, H. 1956. African Ixodoidea. I. Ticks of the Sudan. Cairo, Egypt : US Navy Medical Research Unit No 3. 1101 pp. (as Argas persicus)

Hoogstraal, H., Kaiser, M.N. & Kohls, G.M. 1968. The subgenus Persicargas (Ixodoidea, Argasidae, Argas). 4. Argas (P.) robertsi, new species, a parasite of Australian fowl, and keys to Australian argasid species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 61: 535-539 (as Argas persicus)

Kammah, K.M.E. & Wahab, K.S.A. 1980. Argas (Persicargas) persicus life cycle under controlled and outdoor conditions. Acarologia 21: 163-172 (as Argas persicus)

Klompen, J.S.H. & Oliver, J.H. 1993. Systematic relationships in the soft ticks (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae). Systematic Entomology 18: 313-331 (as Argas persicus)

Kwak, M.L. & Madden, C. 2017. The first record of infestation by a native tick (Acari: Ixodidae) on the Australian emu (Dromaius novaehoolandiae) and a review of tick paralysis in Australian birds. Experimental and Applied Acarology 73: 103-107. (as Argas persicus)

Lewis, R.T. 1899. Notes on some Australian ticks received from Mr. C. J. Pound, F.R.M.S. Journal of the Quekett Microscopical Club 7: 222-228 (as Argas reflexus)

Michael, A.D. 1892. Ticks. Natural Science 1: 200-204 (as Argas persicus)

Moorhouse, D.E. 1975. Studies on the feeding of larval Argas persicus Oken. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde 48: 65-71 (as Argas persicus)

Naumann, I. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Australian Insect Names. Common and Scientific Names for Insects and Allied Organisms of Economic and Environmental Importance. Melbourne : CSIRO Publications v 200 pp. [Date published 31/12/1993] (as Argas persicus group)

Nuttall, G.H.F. & Warburton, C. 1908. Ticks. A Monograph of the Ixodoidea. Part I. The Argasidae. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press pp. 104 + Bibliography pp. 1-35. (as Argas persicus)

Packard, A.S. 1873. Description of new insects. Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey 6: 739-741 (as Argas americana)

Petney, T.N., Andrews, R.H., McDiarmid, L.A. & Dixon, B.R. 2004. Argas persicus sensu stricto does occur in Australia. Parasitology Research 93: 296-299 (as Argas persicus)

Rainbow, W.J. 1906. A synopsis of Australian Acarina. Records of the Australian Museum 6: 145-193 (as Argas americanus + Argas persicus + Argas reflexus)

Roberts, F.H.S. 1934. Ticks infesting domesticated animals in Queensland. Queensland Agricultural Journal 41: 114-123 (as Argas persicus)

Roberts, F.H.S. 1947. Ticks infesting domestic animals in Queensland. Queensland Agricultural Journal 64: 233-244 (as Argas persicus)

Roberts, F.H.S. 1970. Australian Ticks. Melbourne : CSIRO 267 pp. (as Argas persicus group)

Seddon, H.R. 1952. Diseases of Domestic Animals in Australia. Part 3. Tick and Mite Infestations. Commonwealth of Australia Department of Health, Service Publication (Division of Veterinary Hygeine) 7. 200 pp. (as Argas persicus)

Seddon, H.R. 1968. Diseases of Domestic Animals in Australia. Part 3. Arthropod Infestations (Ticks and Mites). Commonwealth of Australia Department of Health, Service Publication (Veterinary Hygeine) (Revised by H. E. Albiston) Vol. 7 170 pp. (as Argas persicus)

Southcott, R.V. 1976. Arachnidism and allied syndromes in the Australian region. Records of the Adelaide Children's Hospital 1: 97-186 (as Argas persicus)

Sweet, G. 1910. A species of Argas, apparently new to science. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria ns 23: 15-18 pl. II (as Argas victoriensis)

Taylor, F.H. 1946. Spiders, ticks and mites, including the species harmful to man in Australia and New Guinea. Section 1. Descriptive. Commonwealth of Australia Department of Health, Service Publications (School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, University of Sydney) 6: 1-234 (as Argas persicus; as Argas victoriensis)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
05-Dec-2019 Acari 07-Sep-2019 MODIFIED Dr Bruce Halliday
01-May-2017 Acari 24-Jul-2016 MODIFIED Dr Bruce Halliday
07-May-2013 07-May-2013 MODIFIED
07-May-2013 16-Feb-2012 MODIFIED
07-May-2013 08-Jul-2010 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)