Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps

Species Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)

Brooding Brittle Star

Compiler and date details

2012 - Tim O'Hara, Museum Victoria, Carlton, Victoria, Australia


Generic Combinations

  • Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828).




New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

Extra Distribution Information

East Atlantic, East Pacific, Indian, Indo-Pacific, North Atlantic, North Pacific, South Africa, South America, South Pacific, West Atlantic

IBRA and IMCRA regions (map not available)


Timor Transition (1), Tasmania Province (10), Southeast Transition (11), Central Eastern Province (12), Lord Howe Province (14), Northeast Transition (19), Timor Province (2), Norfolk Island Province (21), Macquarie Island Province (24), Northern Shelf Province (25), Northwest Shelf Transition (26), Northwest Shelf Province (27), Northwest Transition (3), Southwest Shelf Transition (30), Southwest Shelf Province (31), Spencer Gulf Shelf Province (33), Western Bass Strait Shelf Transition (34), Bass Strait Shelf Province (35), Tasmanian Shelf Province (36), Southeast Shelf Transition (37), Central Eastern Shelf Province (38), Central Eastern Shelf Transition (39), Northwest Province (4), Northeast Shelf Province (40), Northeast Shelf Transition (41), Central Western Transition (5), Central Western Province (6), Southwest Transition (7), Southern Province (8), West Tasmania Transition (9)

Ecological Descriptors

Benthic, continental shelf, continental slope, inshore, marine.


General References

Baker, A.N. 1982. Brittle-stars (Class Ophiuroidea). Adelaide : South Australian Government 418-437-10 figs pl. 29(3-4). [428, fig. 10:15f] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Bartsch, I. 2008. Notes on ophiuroids from the Great Meteor Seamount (Northeastern Atlantic). Spixiana (Munich) 31(2): 233-239 [235] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Benham, W.B. 1911. Stellerids and echinids from the Kermadec Islands. Transactions of the New Zealand Institute 43: 140–163 figs 1–23 [152-153] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Bernasconi, I. 1965. Ophiuroidea de Puerto Deseado (Santa Cruz, Argentina). Physis (Buenos Aires) 25(69): 143-152 [147-149, pl. 3(3-4)] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Cherbonnier, G. & Guille, A. 1978. Faune de Madagascar. 48. Echinodermes: Ophiurides. Paris : Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique 272 pp, 77 figs, 17 pls. [105-106, fig. 48(A-B)] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, A.H. 1939. Echinoderms (other than holothurians) collected on the Presidential Cruise of 1938. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 98(11): 1–18 pls 1–5 [2] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, A.H. 1949. Ophiuroidea of the Hawaiian Islands. Bulletin of the Bernice P. Bishop Museum 195: 3-133, figs 1-22 [29] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, A.M. 1966. Port Phillip Survey 1957–63. Echinodermata. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria 27: 289-384, figs 1-10, pls 1-4 [294] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, A.M. 1970. Notes on the family Amphiuridae (Ophiuroidea). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 19(1): 1-81, figs 1-11 [fig. 1g] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, A.M. 1976. Asterozoa from Amsterdam and St Paul Islands, southern Indian Ocean. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) 30(6): 247-261, pls 1-2 [258] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, A.M. 1977. South African Museum's Meiring Naude cruises. 4 Echinoderms. Annals of the South African Museum 73(6): 133-147 [135] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. 1976. The Echinoderms of Southern Africa. British Museum of Natural History Publication 766: 277 pp, 276 figs [151-152, fig. 138] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, A.M. & Rowe, F.W.E. 1971. Monograph of Shallow-water Indo-west Pacific Echinoderms. London : Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History) 238 pp. 100 figs 31 pls. [80-81, 99, fig. 27b, pl. 13(5)] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, H.L. 1921. The echinoderm fauna of Torres Strait. Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington 10: 1-224, 38 pls [106-107] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Clark, H.L. 1923. The echinoderm fauna of South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 13(7): 221-435 figs 1-4 pls 8-23 [329] (as Amphipholis minor)

Clark, H.L. 1946. The echinoderm fauna of Australia. Its composition and its origin. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication 566: 1-567 [202] (as Amphipholis squamata)

D'yakonov, A.M. 1954. Ophiuroids of the USSR Seas. Moskva-Leningrad, USSR : Akademiya Nauk Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik Vol. 55 136 pp, 47 figs. [57] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Dartnall, A.J. 1980. Tasmanian Echinoderms. Fauna of Tasmania Handbook No. 3. Hobart : Fauna of Tasmania Committee 82 pp. 36 figs 5 pls. [40, 69] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Farquhar, H. 1898. A contribution to the history of New Zealand echinoderms. Journal of the Linnean Society Zool. 26: 186–198, pls 13–14 [191-192] (as Amphiura elegans)

Farquhar, H. 1907. Notes on New Zealand echinoderms, with description of a new species. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 39: 123-130 [125] (as Amphiura elegans)

Fell, H.B. 1952. Echinoderms from Southern New Zealand. Zoological Publications of the Victoria University, Wellington 18: 1-37 [20] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Fell, H.B. 1953. Echinoderms from the subantarctic islands of New Zealand: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea, and Echinoidea. Records of the Dominion Museum, Wellington 2: 73-111. 2 plates [102] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Fell, H.B. 1958. Deep-sea echinoderms of New Zealand. Zoological Publications of the Victoria University, Wellington 24: 1-40, pls 1-5 [28] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Hendler, G. 1995. Class Ophiuroidea: Brittle stars, Basket Stars. pp. 89-195 in Hendler, G., Miller, J.E., Pawson, D.G. & Kier, P.M. (eds). Sea Stars, Sea Urchins, and Allies: Echinoderms of Florida and the Caribbean. Washington & London : Smithsonian Institution Press. [162-164, fig. 79, 102(f-g)] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Hendler, G. 1996. Class Ophiuroidea. pp. 113-179 in Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History Vol. 14. [143-144, fig. 7.10] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Hertz, M. 1927. Die Ophiuroiden der Deutschen Südpolar-Expedition 1901–1903. Deutsche Südpolar Expedition 19(Zool. 2): 1-56 figs 1-10 pls 1-9 [35] (as Amphipholis minor)

Irimura, S. 1969. Supplemental report of Dr. Murakami's paper on the ophiurans of Amakusa, Kyushu. Publications from the Amakusa Marine Biology Laboratory, Kyusku University 2(1): 37-48 [41] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Irimura, S. 1979. Ophiuroidea of Sado Island, the Sea of Japan. Annual Report of the Sado Marine Biological Station, Niigata University 9: 1-6 [3] (as Amphipholis japonicus)

Irimura, S. 1981. Ophiurans of Tanabe Bay and its vicinity, with the description of a new species of Ophiocentrus. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory 26(1/3): 15-49, pl. 1 [25] (as Amphipholis japonicus)

Irimura, S. 1982. The Brittle-stars of Sagami Bay. Japan : Biological Laboratory, Imperial Household 95 pp, 15 pls. [41-42, fig. 26, pl. 2(1)] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Irimura, S., Shigei, M., Saba, M., Kogo, I. & Asak 1994. Echinoderms collected from the northern Mariana Islands, Micronesia. Natural History Research, Natural History Museum and Institute, Chiba 1: 293-297 [294] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Irimura, S. & Tachikawa, H. 2003. Ophiuroids from the Ogasawara Islands. Ogasawara Research 28: 1-26 [9] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Koehler, R. 1898. Echinides et Ophiures provenant des campagnes du yacht L'Hirondelle. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques accomplies par le Prince Albert I. Monaco 12: 1-78 [53] (as Amphiura squamata)

Koehler, R. 1908. Asteries, ophiures et échinides de l'Expédition Antarctique Nationale Ecossaise. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of the S.Y. Scotia Zoology 13: 193-313, 16 pls [271] (as Amphiura squamata)

Koehler, R. 1909. Echinodermes provenant des campagnes du yacht 'Princesse Alice'. Rés. Sci. campagnes du Prince de Monaco 34 [180] (as Amphiura tenuispina)

Koehler, R. 1913. Ophiures. Zoologische Jahrbucher Supplement 11(3): 351-380, pls 20-21 [356] (as Amphiura squamata)

Koehler, R. 1914. A contribution to the study of ophiurans of the United States National Museum. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 84: 1-173, pls 1-18 [66] (as Amphipholis (=Amphiura) tenuispina)

Koehler, R. 1921. Echinodermes. pp. 1-210 in Faune de France. Paris : Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences Vol. 1. [82, fig. 53] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Koehler, R. 1930. Ophiures recueillies par le Docteur Th. Mortensen dans les Mers d'Australie et dans l'Archipel Malais. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn 89: 1-295 pls 1-22 [102-103] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Lambert, P. & Austin, W.C. 2007. Brittle Stars, Sea Urchins and Feather Stars of British Columbia, Southeast Alaska and Puget Sound. Victoria, Canada : Royal BC Museum 150 pp. [105-106, fig. 57, 58, pl. C-29] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Liao, Y. & Clark, A.M. 1995. The echinoderms of southern China. Beijing : Science Press 614 pp., 23 pls. [194-195, fig. 92] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Lyman, T. 1879. Ophiuridae and Astrophytidae of the exploring voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, under Prof. Sir Wyville Thomson, F.R.S. Part 2. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 6(2): 17-83, pls 11-19 [32] (as Amphiura squamata)

Lyman, T. 1883. Reports on the results of dredging, under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Caribbean Sea in 1878–79, and among the Atlantic coast of the United States during the summer of 1880, by the U.S. Coast Survey steamer Blake, Commander J.R. Bartl. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard 10(6): 227-287, pls 1-8 [252] (as Amphiura tenuispina; specimen from stn 215 a different species)

Madsen, F.J. 1970. West African Ophiuroids. pp. 151-243 in Atlantidae Report. Vol. 11. [202-203, fig. 30] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Marsh, L.M. 1986. Echinoderms. In Faunal surveys of the Rowley Shoals, Scott Reef and Seringaham Reef, north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 25: 63-74 [70] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Marsh, L.M. 1991. Shallow water echinoderms of the Albany region, south-western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum Vol. 2 pp. 439-482. [458-459] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Matsumoto, H. 1917. A monograph of Japanese Ophiuroidea, arranged according to a new classification. Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo 38(2): 1-408, figs 1-100, pls 1-7 [186-189, fig. 49] (as Amphipholis japonicus)

McKnight, D.G. 1967. Additions to the echinoderm fauna of the Chatham Rise. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 1(3): 291-313 [311-312] (as Axiognathus squamata)

McKnight, D.G. 1967. Some asterozoans from Norfolk Island. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 1(3): 324-326 [325] (as Axiognathus squamata)

McKnight, D.G. 1984. Echinoderms from Macquarie Island and the Macquarie Ridge. Records of the New Zealand Oceanographic Institute 4(12): 139-147 [144] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Mortensen, T. 1924. Echinoderms of New Zealand and the Auckland-Campbell Islands. II. Ophiuroidea. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn 77: 91-177 figs 1-36 pls 3-4 [161-162] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Mortensen, T. 1933. Ophiuroidea. Danish Ingolf-Expedition 4(8): 121pp. [63-65] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Mortensen, T. 1933. The echinoderms of St. Helena (other than crinoids). Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn 93: 401-472 [453] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Mortensen, T. 1952. Reports of the Lund University Chile Expedition 1948-1949. 3. Echinoidea and Ophiuroidea. Lunds Universitets Årsskrift. N.F. Avd. 2 47(8): 1-22, pl. 1 [20] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Murakami, S. 1942. Ophiurans of Izu, Japan. Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Kyushu Imperial University 7(1): 1-36 [10] (as Amphipholis japonica)

Murakami, S. 1943. Report on the ophiurans of Palao, Caroline Islands. Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Kyushu Imperial University 7(4): 159-204 figs 1-17 [172] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Murakami, S. 1944. Note on the ophiurans from Amakusa, Kyusyu. Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Kyushu Imperial University 7(8): 259-280 5 fig 1 pl. [265] (as Amphipholis japonica)

Nielsen, E. 1932. Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen's Pacific Expedition 1914–16. LIX. Ophiurans from the Gulf of Panama, California, and the Strait of Georgia. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn 91: 241–346 figs 1–42 [290] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Paterson, G.L.J. 1985. The deep-sea Ophiuroidea of the North Atlantic Ocean. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zool. 49(1): 1-162, figs 1-59 [91, fig. 36] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Rowe, F.W.E. & Gates, J. 1995. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 33 Echinodermata. Melbourne : CSIRO Australia 510 pp. [346] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Sloan, N.A., Clark, A.M. & Taylor, J.D. 1979. The echinoderms of Aldabra and their habitats. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zool. 37(2): 81-128 figs 1-22 [101] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Stöhr, S., Çinar, M.E. & Dagli, E. 2010. Brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from the southern coast of Turkey (eastern Mediterranean): new records and revision of Amphiodia obtecta Mortensen, 1940. Zootaxa 2483: 45-57 [51-53] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Stöhr, S., Conand, C. & Boissin, E. 2008. Brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from La Reunion and the systematic position of Ophiocanops Koehler, 1922. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 153(3): 545-560 [552-553, fig. 4d-e] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Thomas, L.P. 1962. The shallow water amphiurid brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) of Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science 12(4): 623-694 [662-664, fig. 13] (as Amphipholis squamata)

Thomas, L.P. 1966. A revision of the tropical American species of Amphipholis (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). Bulletin of Marine Science 16(4): 827-833 [831] (as Axiognathus squamata)

Tommasi, L.R. 1970. Os ofiuróides recentes do Brasil e de Regiões vizinhas. Contribuições do Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade de São Paulo Serie Oceanografia Biológica 20: 1-146 [37, fig. 36] (as Axiognathus squamatus)

Verrill, A.E. 1899. Report on the Ophiuroidea collected by the Bahama expedition in 1893. Bulletin from the Laboratories of Natural History of the State University of Iowa 5(1): 1-86, pls 1-8 [29-30] (as Amphipholis tenera)


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
22-Jul-2013 17-Dec-2013 MODIFIED
29-Mar-2010 MODIFIED