Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory


Regional Maps


Compiler and date details

F.W.E. Rowe & J. Gates, Australian Museum, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (1995) Updated (2001) by Tim O'Hara, Museum Victoria, Carlton, Victoria, Australia


Toxopneustids are circum-tropical in distribution and include 10 extant genera. Six genera occur in Australian waters, with 11 species recorded.

This family is distinguished from other families in the order Camarodonta by the following combination of character states: lantern camarodont-type; teeth keeled; tubercles imperforate, noncrenulate; test not sculptured; ambulacra trigeminate to polyporous, commonly conspicuously widened adorally; gill slits present, distinct and narrow, in many, very deep and divided by longitudinal keel.


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
15-Sep-2023 11-May-2012 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)