Australian Biological Resources Study

Australian Faunal Directory

<I>Tanais dulongii</I>

Tanais dulongii


Regional Maps

Family TANAIDIDAE Dana, 1849

Compiler and date details

April 2011 - Kelly Merrin

  • TANAIDIDAE Dana, 1849.



The cosmopolitan distribution of the family was mapped by Sieg (1983: fig. 12). There are over 40 species in 19 genera mostly on shelf environments (Gutu & Sieg 1999, Bamber 2005, Edgar 2008). Sieg (1980) treated this family in great detail. He divided the (then) 16 genera into five subfamilies and discussed their phylogentic relationships. A key to genera was presented by Sieg & Winn (1981). In Australia, there is Austrotanais, Langitanaidinae is represented by Langitanais, Pancolinae by Aviatanais, Hexapleomera, Pancoloides Zeuxo and Zeuxoides, Sinelobinae by Sinelobus, and Tanainae by Tanais.

Bamber (2014) corrected the family name to Tanaididae.


Excluded Taxa


TANAIDIDAE: Zeuxo normani (Richardson, 1905) — Edgar, G.J. 2008. Shallow water Tanaidae (Crustacea: Tanaidacea) of Australia. Zootaxa 1836: 1-92 [47] (provided a rediscription of the species to include Australian material); Larsen, K. 2014. New species of the genus Zeuxo (Peracarida, Tanaidacea). Crustaceana 87: 715-754 [725] (refers Australian material to the new name Zuexo edgari Larsen, 2014)



With eyes. Pleon with 3–5 pleonites, but never more than 3 pairs of pleopods. Palp of maxilla 1 typically with more than 2 distal setae. Labium consisting of inner and outer lobe, with or without terminal palp. Maxilliped unfused medially, with coxae. Epignath kidney-shaped. Pereopods ambulatory, without ischium. Dactylus and terminal spine of pereopods 4–6 fused, forming a characteristic claw bearing skin-like spines laterally. Uropods uniramous. Marsupium formed by 1 pair of sack-like oostegites ('ovisacs'). Sexual dimorphism only affecting antenna 1 and cheliped. Mouthparts always present in males.


General References

Bamber, R.N. 2005. The Tanaidaceans (Arthropoda: Crustacea: Peracarida: Tanaidacea) of Esperance, Western Australia, Australia. pp. 613-728 in Wells, F.E., Walker, D.I. & Kendrick, G.A. (eds). Proceedings of the Twelfth International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Esperance, Western Australia. Perth : Western Australian Museum.

Bamber, R.N. 2014. Two new species of Sinelobus Sieg, 1980 (Crustacea: Tanaidacea: Tanaididae), and a correction to the higher taxonomic nomenclature. Journal of Natural History

Dana, J.D. 1849. Conspectus crustaceorum quae in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione, Carolo Wilkes e classe Reipublicae, Foederate Duce, lexit et descripsit (continued). American Journal of Science 2: 424-428

Edgar, G.J. 2008. Shallow water Tanaidae (Crustacea: Tanaidacea) of Australia. Zootaxa 1836: 1-92

Gutu, M. & Sieg, J. 1999. Ordre des tanaïdacés (Tanaidacea Hansen, 1895). pp. 353-389 in Forest, J. Traité de Zoologie. Anatomie, systématique, biologie … Tome 7 Crustacés. Fascicule 3A Péracarides. Mémoires de l'Institut Océanographique, Monaco 19: 1-450

Sieg, J. 1980. Taxonomische Monographie der Tanaidae Dana, 1849 (Crustacea, Tanaidacea). Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 537: 1-267

Sieg, J. 1983. Evolution of Tanaidacea. Crustacean Issues 1: 229-256

Sieg J. & Winn, R.N. 1981. The Tanaidae (Crustacea: Tanaidacea) of California, with a key to the world genera. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94: 315-343


History of changes

Note that this list may be incomplete for dates prior to September 2013.
Published As part of group Action Date Action Type Compiler(s)
05-Aug-2022 PERACARIDA Calman, 1904 05-Aug-2022 MODIFIED Lauren Timms (NMV) Dr Genefor Walker-Smith (NMV)
05-Aug-2022 TANAIDACEA Hansen, 1895 17-May-2022 MODIFIED
22-Mar-2022 TANAIDIDAE Dana, 1849 05-Aug-2022 MODIFIED
04-Sep-2014 TANAIDIDAE Dana, 1849 05-Aug-2022 MODIFIED ABRS
05-Aug-2022 08-May-2014 MODIFIED
05-Aug-2022 09-May-2011 MODIFIED
12-Feb-2010 (import)